Installation Executable binary files are available from releases. Effect of physical exertion on physical and mental response. In other words, Eritrea is cut off to make a way for Tigray to be the main link to the main land. H has said, i think that M. There are no children left in Gaza! What type of metal, steel, copper, or bronze, will rust faster? Where are there more stomata, the top or bottom of a leaf?
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Each one of you deserve my humble respect to converse with you separately. Nevertheless, we all suffer from the constraint time bears on us. So, let me clear a few things lest I might have been misunderstood. I do not in any way have an iota of misgiving about any person voicing his views or opinion let alone our young compatriots.
On the contrary, I believe that our youth and all should be given as much space as possible to express their views. And, our dear hopefully young blink does have the right to say and write anything with humility and respect of other. Our dear young hopefully does have the broadest possible right, too, to voice his fillings.
I think I do not have to lecture you about the fact that there is limits to what we say and write as individuals. My rights and demand for respect ends when the rights and demand of respect of others begin. That is why I believe that knowing how I frame my thoughts and opinions in writing and spoken word is a virtue. Noble views and opinions or criticisms and misgivings about a fellow human beings can be contaminated and rendered valueless with just one or two rude word or two.
Hence, my shock when I read what blink wrote about Mr. Rice and her relation with Meles Zenawi. Her role about politics has nothing to do with her marital loyalty. I can imagine the responsibilities those few words carry with them in case the injured side gets alerted and pursues them.
No number of apologies to us poor readers in this forum or moderators would remedy the damage. But at the same time, let us learn how to express them with dignity and virtue. There is price tag on a respectful word to fellow men and women; rude or rough words de-values the message to nil with sheer contempt no matter the nobility intended.
Dear sara what is the words i used against Susan rice that you think are not fair? Do you really believe that i was the first to use such words in this forum? The woman wanted to destroy Eritrea and Eritreans. Her main aim was not concern about Justice to Eritreans , her main position regarding Eritrea was to shovel Eritrea under the pre text of lies her way of doing business at the sanction time was a political crime against the Eritrean people on just to make Meles the evil murderer happy.
Trust me i hate the dictator more but it does not have to be at the cost of Eritrea. Ismail that we should use better language in discussing in this forum… and i was saying this appeal should extend to all not to certain forumers.
Dear Sara Just look after the self anointed people. When the time comes they run wild. The fact that I insulted Susan rice and find Eritreans who defended here says all about the degree of their own villages. This visit by a high ranking state department official is by any account a welcome one. You may consider my amateurish inquisitive mind that seeks satiation at the risk of getting crushed by intruding between two giants.
So, allow me to scribble a few things in the form of questions in the context of the exchanges which are voluminous in dimension but concise in presentation exchanges. Did the demise of the Soviet Union and socialist economics based on Marxist theory represent refutation of the philosophy of dialectical materialism or failure of the governance aspect of the state to manage socialist economics?
Since Fukuyama himself had voiced second thoughts about his original prepositions, — hence there is actually no end of history as long as humans exist in organic and inorganic worlds — and consider that the experience of socialist state and economics represented just one phase of experiment that is separate from the Marxist philosophy?
What role did politics of access to resources and to forces of production play in the struggle between the market economics blocs represented by NATO and Warsaw Pact and capabilities of financing arms race?
The nations which were later known as Welfare States however, adopted the non-violent form of Marxism [People who strayed from the Marxist dogma were labelled Reactionaries] when they recognized that narrowing the economic gap including social justice in tandem with sound public policy was the way forward. And that is precisely the reason that, most of the Scandinavian countries including Canada are able to weather economic termoil among other things. If we look deep enough into history, we can see why that is the case with Russia.
Sure enough, Russia is not only between two different worlds as in Europe and Asia but it lagged behind for almost three centuries when it was under the Mongols when the rest of Europe was going through epochal transformations as in the Renaissance and later on Enlightenment periods. Fast forward, Russia under Putin is not any different. It has the highest number of social dissatisfaction including one of the highest rate of suicides, alcoholics, low birthrate and it is way behind interms of economies [It is the 5th] in the world.
Since then, the definition of matter, not surprisingly, has changed where later on we learned that space itself is a physical entity that can not be seen in isolation from the matter it accommodates—for lack of a better word. Furthermore, it feels like we had been dupped all the years when we learned that, the basic constituencies of matter are atoms, where the atom is broken down into deeper constituencies as in the nucleus with protons and neutrons in it and electrons orbiting around it.
Before we breath a sigh of relief however, we learned that the rather reductionist approach suffers limitation where again protons and neutrons are summations of sub-atomic particles otherwise known as Quarks. And now we are at a point where the Quarks exist in duo where they are glued together with sub-atomic particles called Gluons.
How about the Gluons, one may ask? Space, we are told makes mass move and mass makes space [to] curve. Clash of opposits it is not. The idea of understanding reality with in the interplay of opposing forces seems to trace its narrative from Judeo-Christian traditions where the moral and ethical standards are viewed through Good vs Evil, Heaven vs. Hell as if everything around us is understood through the standing of opposits.
Moreover, personalities of the Enlightenment added on the tradition the same thinking where they employed Rationalism and Empricism in an effort to refute what is taken as undesirable for human progress. Derrida, the exponent of Post-Modernism famously declared everything is a text. Derrida argued that, the Western philosophical tradition is based on the celebration of one opposite over the other as in for instance, the elevation of man over a woman; the celebration of truth over lies and the celebration of capitalism over communism among other things.
Thus, he opted for Relativism and Skepticism instead. To be fair to the scientific method however, we get close to understanding nature when we employ Validity and Reliability albeit it suffers limitation with in the micro-world.
Professor Reeves is a Canadian Astrophysicist who lives in Paris. He makes astronomy accessible to everyone like you do here. Talking of matter, the first definition of it I heard is among friends playing soccer with a ball made of stocking filled wz plastic garbage: It is my spoiler side speaking, but it is true.
I am certain you know thus definition too.: And thank you for the kind words. On my view the study of dialectical materialism and historical materialism are the study of the foundation of all philosophical sciences and their historical consequences on human being in particular and on the universe in general.
It does not change how they are transformed from one form to another. It does not change the principle of its conservation that matter is neither created or destroyed, though may be rearranged in space, or may be changed in forms. Paulos, I still look forward to disprove dialectical materialism and historical materialism are not scientific truth, when it is the philosophy of nature and science.
The questions you posed to us is very important and are pertinent to the subject on debate. I hope others to chip in into it to get a broader view on it. Here are my take on your questions:. The current Chinese market economy policy is a good preconditioned for the needed transformational society to the next stage of social development in. The article on the relevance of the Marxist Manifesto in the contemporary socio-political reality left me with a mixed feelings if not a bit puzzled to say the least.
It is dark, pessimist and sardonic. Marx and Engles were under 30 at the time when they thought the short lived revolution in Europe was a vindicatoin for their prediction of the verdict of history where the prediction was not only way off the mark but it demonstrated their rather naive idealistic take of the world.
The revolution was not solely a reaction to the ownership of the means of production, modes of production and forces of production by the bourgeois in Marxist lexicon that is, there was other crucial factors at play as well. For instance, in Italy, there was palpable grievances against the Austrian rule over the Italian principalities; the same can be said on the Germanic states and with in the Austro-Hungarian Empire as well.
And that was one of the reasons, the revolution was crushed and rendered short lived in comparison with say, the French Revolution in and the October Revolution in Russia where the demand of the people was not only potent and organized but the demand was laser sharp focused as well.
Furthermore, if my math is right, it has been close to years since the Revolution and an attempt to make it relevant today is anachronistic in terms. It warrants to examine the article from a different angle, if the author had his home country Greece in mind when he penned the rather Shopenhauerian take of the current sociopolitical take of the world.
Certainly, Greece was a basket case of the financial crises that had plagued Europe in But the question is, why was it pronounced more in Greece? Europe seems to have evolved in an opposite direction where the North-South divide is more glared not only in tradition, norms and culture but in the establishment of political institutions and state formation as well. Germany for instance, created extremely strong state and rule of law way before the unification of the German speaking city-states.
On the other hand, Greece was under foreign occupation where it got liberated not by its efforts by the help of foreign powers. The legacy of occupation by a foreign power created on the people not only a suspicion on any thing foreign but on their own government as well.
Moreover, before the establishment of a strong state, democracy was introduced and not only the state was week but contending political parties resorted into what ate the nation from within including its basket case scenario in —-Clientelism. Political candidacy was based on Patron-Client relationship where candidates promised and provided government jobs and positions to voters. Again, if something is to be taken for a scientific, it ought to be able to predict the same result and it ought to have the potential to get reproduced.
And that is Valid and Reliable! I know very little to comment on Marxism or dialectical materials etc. It is whether certain claims are amicable to generalizability or need to be taken within the confines their assumptions. Even in natural sciences such as physics and biology, we can see that it is possible to make more broad generalizable claims in physics than biology. And if we venture to social sciences the generalizability becomes even more limited and based on increasing number of assumptions the butterfly effect you mentioned above.
Now, having thrown this little something, i will butt out and watch the discussion proceed…. Einstein, Marx and Freud. Meh, they make for great cocktail conversation. And sometimes, they can give us a Prime Minister in Ethiopia. Tzigereda has hand-written notes from ELF days which is a dictionary of political terms. Tzigereda, what did you guys call dialectical materialism? At Awate, we have something called Sal-O-Meter where the substance and caliber of the debate at hand is calibrated against the speed if at all Sal weighs in.
There you have it. I am sure you are familiar with Inductive and Deductive where the former goes from fine details to a generalized conclusion and the latter is the opposite.
In inductive reasoning, we rely on a set of data and we infer if there is a relationship or pattern based on casuality and correlation as well. That is pretty much the modus operandi of the scientific community including the hard sciences and life sciences as well. I am also of the opinion that the Works of Karl Marx, Lenin, and Mao all leftist… have still some traction. But I am always wondering, why their work is not further related to quantitative analysis mechanisms and tools.
For example understanding Marxism from multivariate analysis perspective will be very interesting. Dear All, I just read a news piece that a top us diplomat is set to visit Asmara this coming week. You are indeed correct. This mission was actually supposed to have taken place three weeks back but was postponed as a result of Rex getting fired.
Yamamoto was DCM at the U. Embassy in Asmara before and later was Ambassador in Ethiopia. It is clear that the U. It is good that there is some activity. I hope this will open the way for far reaching positive impacts for the people of Eritrea and beyond. America said this ,America said that ,do you not undersatnd Eritrea dont give a hit about America???
Would you mind to write the exact quote? Dear Mez Can you imagine any change in the state department of African affairs as there is a sea wave of firing and resignations going on now?
Plus the sick dog John Bolton is in the town. Americans are becoming irritated with the Dijubuti dictator too. Under the circumstances there prevails, whatever diplomatic activity by the US is a welcome one. Selam blink, I thought you would have favorable view of John Bolton.
What more did he say about the impasse between Eritrea and Ethiopia? And do you think he could be a game changer? If the two governments feel that they gain more by solving the border problem, they will move accordingly. In my opinion, currently decision related to foreign relations on Eritrea side is more likely controlled by the Saudis, UAE and Egypt than by the whims of Isaias. If you have a different type, you can get it by email from the programmer and his partner pharmacist.
You open the email on your smartphone and download it. The emails are Leonapp gmail. In the , Donald Yamomoto made the very Melesian point that demarcation without resolving the underlying issues and finding soft landing for the fate of the villages to be divided by demarcation would not bring peace.
Demarcation, he said, would be the cause for a new round of war. First they will say, the world came back to us on its knees. Then they will make sure any initiative dies a slow death. Hi Abrehet, Why are you too negative. Be happy for a day since some positive can come up from Yamamoto trip that will be beneficial for the country.
A huge benefit for the country would be if political prisoners are released. A little bit of mercy makes the world less cold and more just. Pope Francis Justice like charity begins at home.
He had recent interview with BBC hard talk. I think may be he is using Ethiopia desire as a request to facilitate and send tte message to Eritrea. Are you suggesting that he is going to Eritrea without the express approval of the state dept and the Trump administration? But he and his foot soldiers will present the caving as vincidcation because taking the same offer a dozen months or years later is their specialty. Then they will do any number of stupid things to make things even worse.
No Yammomoto is the state dept rep now so yes he is going with that agenda. I mentioned his position, with regards to past positions that you mentioned so not sure how relevant it will be if someone else fills the position. I get the vacancies but I am not sure they are in order, once they pick the undersecretary and the o ever that person will fill the positions not necessary the White House.
There is no love lost with IA and Arab governments. He does what pleases him and fill his cofferes and nothing else, no principle, no loyality and no self respect. Dear Berhe There is no loyalty in such kind of business. I hope you can give examples of any loyalty. Mandela flew to Libya even he was sanctioned. I feel confident we can work out all our differences and as a gesture of goodwill, it would go a long way to building confidence if you could release the two embassy staff… Isaias: Ali Alamin and Kiflom Gebremichael.
Also Fitwi Gezae, Biniam Girmay…. I beg your pardon sir… I: Is he your relative, he sounds Japanese… Y: That is actually the minutes between Isaias and Yamamoto foretold. Do you know what is the most difficult for me?
How did we get here? Not how are we going to get out of this for it is just a matter of time. I still wrestle with the question. Dear Paulos, i think it has to do with our extreme naivete; at least the majority of us Eritreans. If fir example, the regime would have punish them when they return, and take away their papers etc so they can not go back, no body would have returned. Are they being selfish? I can tell you by doing what they have done, it does not mean they approve or support the regime policy or actions.
The rational is simple, if none of us are willing to put our lives on hold and go and ight the regime, we will not expect others to do the same. Are you ok then with accepting that as a norm? Men and women of principles do not compromise their conviction even if the stomach is empty and the throat dry of thirst.
Selam Paulos, Berhe is actually a good embodiment of my claim of naivete, he is on record here telling me that Eritreans should invest in companies like Bisha mining so that they could have a say into their businesses. I think if you stick to the topic it would be better. What those sawa escape do is no different than you and I have done and continue to do.
I am sure you will not be the one encouraging them to join and fight the armed opposition group on behalf of Eritrean people. As to the Bisha investment you are talking about, if I recall the point I was making was protest investment.
What you said here, actually says a lot about your way of thinking and how much low you think of yourself and your capacity, and how little you think of those who oppose the PFDJ.
There is a sentence in Dan Connells book Against All Odds that should have served as a warning shot for us the citizens. At the time when we all read it sounded like a great character testimonial about an indefatigable man which is how his fans still see him and this was the sentence Connell got from Isaias in an interview:.
You can trace our descent into where we are to May It was his conviction that the theft-central was the US Embassy in Addis. So he declared in one of those year-end interviews with EriTV. That led to his decision to do everything possible to frustrate US interests until it learns that he is a player. His psychological profile seems to provide an answer than his policies. It is a great point.
Selam saay and Awatistas,. Did Isayas Afeworki become retarded around and after, while he was a brilliant, resourceful and genius as a young man all the way to the year ? Maybe it is not retardation or dementia at all, maybe? Is it really acceptable to say that he was great in war but peace is not his cup of tea, is that the answer? And, no, is your marker. For many Eritreans it was And we were just waiting for a constitution, which was ratified just a year before the outbreak of the war with Ethiopia which Meles, for his own nationalism-burnishing needs because you Ethiopians kept calling him not Ethiopian enough decided to exploit.
So, I think its your fault: I disagree Meles was a terrible statesman. I think he was one of the top 2 or 3 great African statesmen. He learned on the job and made adjustments based on the realty on the ground to be an effective leader. Ethiopia of and Ethiopia of is the proof. In regard to his dealings with Eritrea, I wrote a line to Berhe H. He wanted the father to pay alimony for the mother in perpetuity so that both can live in relative comfort and peace somewhat still connected but separate.
Nah, that was not it. You know how Obama ended up having more drone bombings than George W? Because he was accused of not being a real American. Of course that only lasted until the EEBC ruling then it was back to accusing him of being a Tigre who hates Ethiopia. Well, most politicians are quick learners. It is a survival thing. You mentioned Obama a true seasoned politician. Selam k h U said. He has control and say about that. But he wanted to help Eritrea too.
I have no idea what today would look like if he had a willing and cooperative partner on the other side that was not greedy and retarded sorry about that last word Proof Eritrea of and Eritrea of I was going to mention King Teodros of Ethiopia among the African Statesmen to earn some good points from you. Would I have succeeded? Selam k h No 2 or 3 the great statesman of ethiopia and helping the mother eri r contradictory.
I know there was a war in And what was ethiopia looks like ? And What is right now ethiopia looks like? Recently, it is in the news the Guardian, i think that a talk is going on between Ethiopia and Britain for the repatriation of the remains of Prince Alemayehu Teodros.
The sticking point as much the British royal family is concerned is that they could not be sure of the remains, because it was kept with that of other royal families. One important fact is that the british museum has a lock of hair of emperor Teodros, and a dna test could be carried out easily.
I do not know if any agreement has been reached. Yeah, I read a shorter version of it somewhere. If Ethiopia can negotiate the return of the obelisk from Italy to Mekele, how difficult would it be to retrieve the remains of our historical figures for our own museums. It is similar to finding your stolen car in a different city and upon asking for the return of your car nicely, the thief wants to negotiate to loan it to you. We have to locate the Obelisk negotiators and send them to Britain.
Ethiopia of and Ethiopia of ? Unlike in , there is now a State of Emergency, the TPLF and associates have become the richest of all, half of all land is under control of the TPLF while much of the remaining land falls to either Chinese or Indians.
Also as before, human rights violations continue to occur and Ethiopia still illegally occupies Eritrea. If you are lucky enough to hail from Tigray, then cudos to you! You are right that Ethiopia is not perfect in Where and how can I start when you see Ethiopia of and the way you do? Can you also elaborate and compare Eritrea of and Eritrea of ? Just to be fair since you are Eritrean after all. You are missing the point. Most Eritreans know that Eritrea is a mess these days and we are not claiming otherwise.
However, the legion of unionists here, wish to portray Ethiopia with a utopian spin, which is simply far from reality, as it too is in a lot of muck these days and is only marginally better off.
What is wrong to make minor adjustments to address grievances of those villagers? Exceeding stupid thing to say when your whole argument was we have a long history of administering this area. Bingo Cousin, a real ONE. No need to mention Hope or to respond—just thru a proxy one if needed. He will probably bring up the West African case—Nigeria vs Cameroon ,I believe-his fav example mentioned by his fav hero!
He is against anything that can benefit Eritrea for his small dark corner. Do not forget the man wanted to see sounds of bullets in the streets of Eritreans. For example he continues to accuse the highlanders, use old Italian system regional names in order to divide Eritreans. The man will spend his day crying under his bed if the border issues are solved. How can you even not guess that a man who distributed Foro lies to care for Eritrea.
The man was the one who was silent while the Oromo and Amhara were killed by weyane Meles vision. So that you know. Saay argument is on real technical terms and court interpretation of it. What Amanuel argument is based on realistic real time benefits to the well being of the Eritrean people. Honestly, I do not know the reason why Ethiopia agreed to go to court in the first place since they forced Eritrea out anyway.
Selam Amde Do u agree with this 1, eritrea agreed to solve the border dispute after they took control of badema and before the war broke out. You are right, Saay was saying on the real technical terms.
But I am still saying that the ruling still gives a leeway if the parties agree, they could make adjustments which will still be part of the technical implementation of the demarcation.
Ethiopia might have had upper military hand at the end of the war by taking over not only the disputed territories but even penetrating deep into undisputed Eritrean territory; but certainly Eritrea would not just sit and accept the new reality, instead it would wait until the opportune moment comes and try to claim back its sovereign territory by force.
But at the end of the day, one cannot solve such issues through force, the two countries needed a legally binding peace agreement that settled the issue once and for all for all generations to come.
What I mean is, knowing what Ethiopia decided to do after the ruling: The boarder and even the war is just a distraction what ever other motives they had, which I have no idea what it was. The fact on the ground was both Melles and Isayas become the undisputed leaders of their respective countries after the war.
They used the opportunity to purge any potential challengers they had. It appears he wanted a permanent internationally recognized boarder of Eritrea, instead of a bilaterally reached agreement, while Ethiopia having the upper hand. I know many Eritreans get furious when that explanation is advanced.
It was what a good son of an Eritrean mother and an Ethiopian father would do. He wanted the father to pay alimony for the mother in perpetuity so that both can live in relative comfort and peace, somewhat still connected but separate. It did not work. First think about how fast they reached an agreement after the war ended. In ended in Summer and in Nov they signed the agreement, where for two years they both were making diffrent excuses to go to war.
Second point is, if that was the intention, to see the boarder demarcated legally, why renegade in a very small part of the ruling and drag it for so long? I think, I have said this before several years ago. They reached the agreement quickly after the hot war because Ethiopia was offering to stay in Eritrea to enforce a 25 miles buffer zone. PIA is the one who made a biblical proportion blunder in starting and running the war from beginning to end.
As to the second point, Eth. Sium Mesfin were surprised at the verdict first. After a year or two they accepted the decision and wanted to solve local issues Irob and splitting villages in conjunction with the Eri.
The Eritrean Government leader said NO just to be contrarian and use it for his political purposes. This is a simplified version. There were plenty of opportunities to avoid or settle the problems in a reasonable way.
Of course, this is my bias view. You may have a reasonable different view as well, that is fine. The consolidated agreement, as you know, is called consolidated because it built on three piecemeal agreements Framework, Modalities and Technical Arrangements. The framework was the hardest, the modalities were the easiest and the Technical Arrangements were never signed by Ethiopia DESPITE assurances it had given the US and its partners that the two parties would accept whatever they came up with.
Eritrea had the moral authority and with the right leadership it would have prevailed on getting the world to pressure Ethiopia more intensely to abide. A monumental blunder with massive ramifications. When I say quickly, I was referring to the time it took between the last war or cessation of hostilities and the final agreement. There is nothing Eritrea can do to end the war except to wait until Ethiopia comes back.
The time between cessation of hostilities and peace treaty for World War II was 13 months. The time between cessation of hostilities and peace treaty in the Eritrea Ethiopia war was 6 months. Hi saay, World war two was won with the evil doers dead. Everything was controlled by the winners in second world war peace prevailed quickly. I was in Eritrea for the last three months and I am in my ayni tigray as we speak.
The difference in economic, infrastructure and the way people live in general terms at this point is we are left behind not by a small margin. I believe tigray pulled ahead while we grew backwards. Axum, Adwa,Shire and all the others used to be small cities are with multiple large buildings and booming construction, govt and pvt schools colleges universities and private small and large companies and factories.
Thank you for bringing this up. This is my wild imagination and secret plan between IA and MZ that I think this whole war is all about. IA is an insider enemy who was hell bend in destroying Eritrea from within, and that goes back to when he joined the liberation movement. He succeeded in destroying ELF from within and he was on a mission from the day of independence to destroy Eritrean society, country, culture and innovation and hard work since.
He wants to exile the whole Eritrean population and leave the country and the people destitute. Look this map and what that tell you? Why is Eritrea cut off completely from any future of economic development and integration with Africa? What economic incentive would justify the cost of doing additional km of travel to reach the same destination. Not to mention the cost that involved to build the roads that do not currently exist.
It is normal and a human instinct to look for complex explanation to a complex problem. In the case of Eichmann, Arendt was able to piece together that he was not an intelligent man, that he misunderstood German theorists about being a moral man, that he was a man who found satisfaction only when he was able to join a group, and that he was simply a man obeying the law.
That leaders will not surrender until surrender is academic. How is a national leader to explain the sacrifice of so much for nothing.
I get what you are saying. And I believe everything you are saying, if we are talking the times during the conflict times. Both were looking after their own self interest and they were blaming the other to justify their believe. This I think is ok, because most wars between two nations are conducted like that. For example, during Iran and Iraq long war, I am sure both people felt the same way. Or Egypt and Israel, each countries were supported by their own people and saw the other as enemy.
What I am having problem to understand is, why is IA hell on bend to destroy the country Eritrea , and to what benefit. If MZ was doing something remotely relevant to his own people people of Tigray , then I can at least see the justification for it.
But none exist in Tigray.. But IA is destroying every little institution that had, along with the people. Our memories even started to fade that we really had to some degree normal childhood, that we played.
Like AT last article, the 9 year old in Eritrea are not even able to act and play like children any more. There already well established road and even rail road from Massawa to Aligider, and the boarder of Sudan. The same can be said in the African continental Fiber optic network.
Eritrea is closest to the region in terms of proximity, where the supply is coming to the continent, and yet it no where in the picture. This is why I am having problem with IA. If he wants power and wants to stay in power, I get it. But nothing like what he is doing to the country and the people. I will try to address the smaller questions and then the bigger one using what I consider to be similar analogy. That is part of their page report to the African Charter.
On the trans-African highway network, my guess is they missed it for the same reason they gave a pass to the Continental Free Trade Area: On why IA does what he does: On the examples you gave, I can see the justification for the people who admire them. By the same reason, people may as well admire other dictators, the likes of Sadam, Castro, even Mengistu HM for that matter.
With all the crimes they committed against their own people, none of them go out of their way to destroy their own country and their people. They did what they did to stay in power. What the project of IA looks to me, Eritrea is being cut off to die a slow death. At the same time what ever viability it had, in terms of infrastructure, resources is being build within Tigray and beyond to replace it. In other words, Eritrea is cut off to make a way for Tigray to be the main link to the main land.
If the Ethiopian people desire is to have no business with Eritrea, then let it be. I am not asking something we have no control over. I forgot to comment on the small question. I know you do not buy the excuse they give for missing out the continental fiber network. Like I said, Eritrea by being proximity to the Middle East, the cost is the least compared to many other countries in the region. The Internet brings opportunity to education, health care, tourism and even becoming a player in the ISP and cellular phone providers as a viable HUB network and gateway.
And then frustrate eventually nothing happens. The only close example that I can think about is, how the Spanish, Portuguese, French or the British made the native people people disappear over time from their own lands and made them irrelevant.
This is what the Government of Eritrea says about why the internet is slow in Eritrea:. Internet service started in a small and limited capacity in the year but the annual increment is substantial. The broadband width remains slow because Eritrea could not join the sea-based Fiber Optic Cable connection when it was launched 12 years ago for financial reasons at the time. But the Government has been negotiating with overseas companies and Fibre-optic based broadband internet access will be secured sometime soon.
The prevailing low bandwidth and speed notwithstanding, there are no restrictions on internet access and internet cafés are preponderant everywhere. They provide service to the public with proper considerations of the national laws and have become useful medium for information tapping and exchange.
The social media is also becoming more popular in particular among the youth, professionals and businesses. One of the things that came to light with Saudileaks besides resulting in Abdella Jaber going to prison is which websites the government banned—some of which its supporters are now bragging about.
It is their religion. A man has to know his limits right. I leave Marxism-Leninism to you and Paulos. If IA does what he does based on some theory, then that will convince me that this guy has actually some principle.
He has some higher purpose, some higher value that guide him to do what he does. Everyone, the whole population, the whole country resources, is there to just serve him as he wishes. And the doctor talks to you about, obesity and the problem of eating too much sugar or red meat.
Hi BY and Sal: When I am in good mood, I tell him I concur and tell him Sal you have a point, if am not, I bring my own rebut to that thinking So for now let say, IA and the ruling group believed in communism because few people can go beyond the times and challenge the prevailing ideas, so we can let that go.
Now, he goes on to say, we have abandoned it and we are collecting our money In our case, the PFDJ ruling group are braining washing the younger generation about how communism, and how China was tough on its people and that was the reason for their success. All the crazy things IA says, the well fed and those who have it good propagate it, but those who are paying the price protecting the country, working for are the poor, they have not yet gave up hope on he government, they think once our border issue is solved we will enjoy the proceeds of Bisah and Calli Potash etc and the sacrifice would turn out to be worth it.
Hi Berhe, Me too dont buy it but you may give a thought for what Andebrihan Woldghiorgis wrote on his book i didnt read it but heard about it.
People need to read the unbelievably easily avoidable series of events that lead to the killing of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and how that lead to WWI. Hi BY, I agree, it is rumored he actually was sent by detach Solomon Abraha and ras asrate kada to destroy jebha. He wound up destroying Eritrea. And he is not done yet. Selam Aron, it is extremely saddening to see our country lagging so much behind in comparison to those around us.
And what is so frustrating is not because the Eritrean people to do not want to develop or have the capacity, but it is because the country is under the grip of someone who deliberately wants to see it failing.
Dear Abhram Which part of Tigray is the Tigrian speaking? Mai Ayni , ask him what development he saw and ask him to drive to Raya azebo and all the way to four directions. Unfortunately what I am here for is not going to take me four directions and I am not here to investigate lies and tplf.
I am telling you what I saw. I am not here to convince you my dear blink. Young people are running looking for better opportunities everywhere but Eritrea. It is indeed very sad. Read berhe y below, he truly makes sense and explains most of it. I have heard so many testimonies about changes in Tigray from Eritreans and Ethiopians, I have made this conclusion see if you agree:. Tigray is developing in relation to Eritrea but lagging far behind in relation to other Ethiopian provinces.
What do you think? From what I hear no retaliation. Anyways you guys pray for me find my young and stupid nephew. Big Tigray money is simply not invested in Tigray Region but rather in other regions of Ethiopia; this having a negative effect on the rate of development in Tigray Region. TPLF connectivity simply does not carry as much leverage and weight in Tigray Region as in other regions. Given this said, speed of development in Eritrea these days is like a snail riding on the back of a turtle……Wheeeee….
Tigrai is not lagging behind by all means. I spent almost a week and half in Tigrai and I practically drove all over. Let me give you an example: Shire is another story where you have to see it yourself to believe. And I also visited the Oromia region and the kind of dramatic changes that you see in the towns and cities is almost the same as in Tigrai. A lot of Ethiopians are moving back either for good or just to invest where the system is encouraging them to do so where life is less stressful and laid back and that certainly is sweet.
But once you get out of Mekelle which is booming one would be hard-pressed to see much difference compared to other regions. Probably a bit more visible public infrastructure such as roads and what not..
It is simple really. There is a nouveau riche class due to political hegemony. Investments get better returns in projects outside of Tigray. They would rather get rich er with proven investment areas than do the hard work of investing in Tigray to make it a place that can compete in terms of attractive returns. One of the cool things I see in Ethiopia is the sheer number of experimentation in architecture design.
Most of the time they become cheap imitations. But it is high praise for the designers when an Asmarino can recognize and feel comfortable in how well the such a project was executed. As you know, imitation is the sincerest form of flattery. Here is an interesting thing, most of the great chefs, carpenters, plumbers, eletricians including mechanics and hairdressers particularly in Meqelle are Eritreans of an Ethiopian origin where the social dynamic shift is palpable.
Not only architecture is outsourced. And those expertise and small businesses are as you know the bedrock of the growing economy. Either blame it on Isaias or all the props to Meles. It is all a matter of perspective. It also explains much of the embittered feelings about the whole independence thing..
But not so much in Eritrea itself. Do you agree with that? If not agree, do you think of it as a generally accepted statement within the Eritrean community?
I am generally uncomfortable with statements of self-flagellation however honest they may be. So my instinct is to think there might be a couple of basic reasons why they may say what they saying — otherwise such broad generalizations make me uneasy. In fact, to the contrary. Eritreans are known among other things for reaching out and helping each other not only in Eritrea but any where else.
Their strong sense of work ethic I would say is second to none. One of the saddest thing is, how could it possibly go wrong for a nation which is blessed with those kind of remarkable people? I wrestle with that question every day. Please keep in mind that before signing the Algiers peace fire Agreeemnt that Ethiopia unsuccessfully tried to take Assab. A little differently from what K. H has said, i think that M. His soft spot for eritrea did not allow him to look far in to the future, and he did not care much how ethiopians felt, and whether both people would live side by side in peace in the future.
He thought he had broken the spine of the amharas, he did not care about the oromos and the rest. He felt invincible and he had the backing of the west. He was the only head of state in history who fought hard to land-lock the country he ruled.
Even when ethiopia was invaded he proved himself a reluctant warrior, as said by many. He cared a lot for the survival of the country he fought for remember, we fought for eritrean independence more than eritreans themselves , a fact few eritreans appreciate.
In my opinion, here lies the main reason for the unfortunate situation between the two countries, a legacy that nobody is proud of. Otherwise, sanctions and what not will follow. I do not believe that it will be as simple as that without ethiopia having her own position heard and taken into consideration. It seems that it is not going to be a smooth journey. In addition, the news from addis is that ethiopia may demand strict interpretation of the rules, regulations and decisions, such as the TSZ, the austing of the UN force, ect.
That is why some people say that stubbornness is abundant on both sides, and they put more weight on elders and religious leaders than any outside forces. Nobody could solve the border problem better than M. All ethiopians and most tigrayans would have been against his decision. Therefore, it remain to the two people to solve the impasse. Your argument is clever, and I think you liked it because both Meles and Isayas successfully purged their competitors and became the unchallenged alpha males in their respective countries.
Particularly for Meles, the Badime war all but cemented his totalitarian control. Hence he must have pre-engineered the war to clean house. But this seems implausible. For one thing, wars are pretty unpredictable. To engineer a war so that the outcome is essentially known before it even started is a tall order to pull off. I think even for leaders with absolute authority over their territory, the chance of conducting a managed war is a challenge. Mind you, such people have the option to start a war at their will, but wars involve at least two parties.
This story may or may not be true, but at the time The Economist also had an article talking about a formation of a war council that excluded Meles — because of his soft spot for Eritrea. If that really happened, Meles could not have known apriori the outcome of a possible war. Besides, the Ethiopian public resentment against Isayas for land-locking the country could find a way to vent if war erupted.
And of course, Meles knew that too — he just has to read the papers in Addis. This is yet another reason working against a managed war. In other words, too many unknowns. I think the more-or-less widely accepted explanation is the correct one: Hence the inevitable confict. Thank you for the elaborated replay. I do agree to the most and all points you made.
Yes you are correct, war is not something one can grantee the outcome. Like you said, I would buy the widely held reason, economic reason but I only see the validity of that argument, for the eruption of the war and until the war is settled. My speculation really comes down to the way things has turned out since the peace agreement of Why would Melles and Ethiopia chose to not follow through with the Algiers agreement, specially since MS was the undisputed leader after he cleaned house?
For example, is he really convinced that, Ethiopia will be better off if it has no future relationship with Eritrea. The analogy that I would like to draw is, suppose the US wad denied access to Panama canal by a small time criminal leader Norega.
Why would MZ give IA the excuses? No question that Badme was administered by ELF until it was pushed out by the alliance. So when the ruling gave us a leeway that if the two parties agree could make adjustments, are you saying we will not claim our villages if we get the Badme village because that was the contested area. It is ridiculous to unclaim them when we have the possibilities to claim. If you take a look at Yamomoto itinerary through East Africa, he will spend the most number of day 3 in Eritrea.
Part of that is meeting with the Asmara-based diplomatic mission. So whatever progress will be made will be based on their testimony and not the inane speeches of IA and his den of parrots. The guy is a nutcase, anything is possible.
The only problem of the opposition is that we are poor. A prisoner busted out of prison driving off a car that had been parked inside the prison, then we all got excited and we said this is it; Wedi Ali rolled down the Tanks and we all got excited and we said, this is it; CoI piles gross human rights violation report, we got excited and we said, this is it; Akhria went Thoreau, we got excited and we said, this is it; Yamamoto is travelling to Eritrea….
But, I did see one of those things Facebook was invented to show: It weekend so here u go, u will like it. I figured u will know what I will say cus there was the famous line, seb yhami: I am not saying nothing will come out of the Yamomoto visit. I am saying if something comes out, it will be because of the Asmara-based diplomats who are better spokespersons for the regime than the regime itself.
Dear Alex, the big question is, is DIA really interested in finding a final solution to the border issue? Currently, it is us Eritreans who are going to the Tigreans, they are not the ones coming to us. Any wall will hurt us not them. Dear Ms Abrehet, thanks for the translation, i actually read what was written but was a not sure what he meant. Abrehet bear with me… throughout our history we been victims of many invading forses from far and near, and the treat still continues to this day.
How about the invasion from inside when Isaias who is not an Eritrean destroying the country when you are on a lookout for boogeymen from near and afar [far]. Dear Sara, I fully understand you. The pain felt by the younger generation is even more acute and real in that they witnessed a horrible war first hand and lost many of their comrades in battle.
More are on standby, for years, to deploy at any given moment should the situation deteriorate. Nor are enemies from across the border only. Nobody has said why it is in US interest for the demarcation thing to happen at any specific point in time. But, what will it gain? Peace between Ethio and Eri? Not likely with Isayyas at the helm. The most important factor driving it is regime behaviour.
This behaviour will not change whether or not the border is demarcated. If Eritrean opposition is to be believed, the day after demarcation, Eritreans are going to finally revolt against the Isayyas regime.
Nice for Eritreans, but it constitutes a large uncertainty in a region awash with uncertainties. The more likely explanation for the Yamamoto trip is possibly client shopping. Has Eritrea been looking for patrons? US best case is for this minor real estate kerfuffle to get resolved without increasing regional turmoil.
That is — for demarcation to happen with the regimes on both sides more or less intact. The Ethio side has a new very new power at the helm, with a thick agenda.
As I have tried to explain, no strong constituency for this to happen anytime within the next two years. Probably the only time he has heard of Ethiopia is when his daughter probably mentioned her Ivanka brand shoes are made there. Eritrea is firm in what it wants. Ethiopia has a new leader who would rather not have to deal with this issue. If anything, assuming the Yamamoto trip is a China vs US competition, the US would rather improve its relationship with Ethiopia, so screws are unlikely to be applied.
This along with changed gulf alliances, means the U. Hopefully Badme will merit serious discussion time, and may even enter into collective bargaining discussions, but it is unfortunately not a U. But the US already has a base in Djibouti.
Why would it shop for another footprint somewhere else in the region? Did Djibouti place restrictions on US base expansions or operations? Tensions between Djibouti and the U. Djiboutian air traffic control teams said to spew anti-American rhetoric and have refused timely landing of aircraft. Hydro One Accountability Act, , S. Ontario Energy Board Act, , S. B current statute August 15, — e-Laws currency date. City of Toronto Act, , S. A current statute August 14, — e-Laws currency date.
Municipal Act, , S. Municipal Elections Act, , S. Ticket Sales Act, , S. Payday Loans Act, , S. Residential Tenancies Act, , S. Consumer Protection Act, , S. A current statute July 1, — e-Laws currency date. Limitations Act, , S. B current statute July 1, — e-Laws currency date. Licence Appeal Tribunal Act, , S. G current statute July 1, — e-Laws currency date.
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