Instant Distance and Length Conversion

Digitalization increases flexibility

Equipment and Facilities General Requirements*
Machine vision systems often require bright and homogeneous illumination, so features of interest are easier to process. You will get huge savings with these customised wedding bands, which is why expert jewellers recommend this option if the branded rings are outside your budget. Pulse oximeters use them for measuring oxygen saturation. A sconce is a wall-mounted fixture, particularly one that shines up and sometimes down as well. There are three kinds of vehicles that you can use: There shall be no copper lines or brass fittings installed between the water line s and the carbonator. Efficiency droop is the decrease in luminous efficiency of LEDs as the electric current increases above tens of milliamperes.


Site Settings

Sing Happy Birthday to Doc. It was his 47th on the 23rd. Enough of that nonsense. One foot-candle of light is the amount of light that birthday cake candle generates one foot away. That's a neat unit of measurement. Say you have a lamp.

You are told it produces foot candles of light. That means at one foot from the lamp, you will receive foot candles of light. But here's where it gets tricky. The further away you move the light from what you want to illuminate, the less bright the light seems! If you measure it at the light, it's just as bright. But when you measure at the object you want illuminated, there is less light! That's a very scientific and math rich way of saying, the closer you are to the light bulb, the brighter that bulb is.

Or, think of it this way. You can't change how much light comes out of your light bulb. So, to make more light on an object, you have to either move the light closer, or add more lights. So, if we take your candle and ruler, lets place a book at the opposite end from the candle. We'd have a bit of a light up if we put the book right next to the candle, you know.

If that book happens to be one foot by one foot, it's one square foot. OK, got the math done there. Now, all the light falling on that book, one foot away from your candle equals both……. Ahh, we've confused you. Illuminance is the intensity or degree to which something is illuminated and is therefore not the amount of light produced by the light source. This is measured in foot-candles again! And when people talk about LUX, it's illuminance measured in metric units rather than English units of measure.

To reinforce that, LUX is the measurement of actual light available at a given distance. A lux equals one lumen incident per square meter of illuminated surface area.

They're measuring the same thing, just using different measurement units. Pretend you're an old photographer, like O.

Winston Link, or Ansel Adams. These two gods of black and white photography and a print made by either can fetch quite a hefty sum of money these days used a device called a light meter to help them judge their exposure.

There is another way of judging exposure-that's when someone whispers in our ear at a cocktail party, "You silly twit, your fly's come undone! These light meters were nifty devices. You could use it to show how much light was falling on an object, light from the sun, and reflected light energy from every thing else.

Or you could use it to show how much light energy was reflected off the object itself. Second is that we use an entirely different unit of measure if we are measuring the results of that light's output. We've measured two different things. We have a unit of measure for how much light is produced.

We Yankees express that as a foot-candle. Being lazy, we use it all over the place. Candlepower is a way of measuring how much light is produced by a light bulb, LED or by striking an arc in a Carbon-Arc spotlight. Is it a measure of how much light falls upon an object some distance away? Is it a measure of how well we see an object that is illuminated by that light source? That's something all together different, and we are not going there! Further confusing the matter is beam focus.

That's how much candlepower. Obviously, if you project all your light bulbs intensity at a given spot, or towards something, it will be more intense, and the illuminance will be higher. And here comes the confusion! And a candela is the metric equivalent of the light output of that one candle, based on metric calculations. And since using a candle is rather imprecise, the definition was amended to replace a light source using carbon filaments with a very specific light source, see the following: Candlepower is a measure of light taken at the source-not at the target.

Foot-candles tell us how much of that light is directed at an object we want to illuminate. Now, lets convert the lumens , a metric unit of light measurement, to candlepower. We understand a candle radiates light equally in all directions, its output, in this consideration is not focused by any mechanical means lenses or reflectors. Pretend for a moment that a transparent sphere one meter in radius surrounds your candle.

We know that there are Remember your Solid Geometry classes? The amount of light energy then reflected from that surface is defined thusly: The amount of energy emanating from one square meter of surface is one lumen. And if we decrease the size of the sphere to one foot radius, we increase the reflected energy LUX is an abbreviation for Lumens per square meter.

Foot-candles equal the amount of Lumens per square feet of area. Customer Care is open weekdays from 6 a. The 16th Street MallRide is a free shuttle that's easy to hop on and off while exploring downtown. Head to your stop! All bus stops have red and white signs that list each bus route that stops at that location, so double check for your route number. Take note — there's a good chance that your return bus stop is located right across the street.

As the bus approaches, check the electronic sign above the windshield to make sure this is indeed the bus you want. Wait for the bus to come to a full stop. The doors will open and you can hop on! If you need to change buses to get to your final destination, ask the driver for a transfer slip, which will get you on your next bus. RTD offers a variety of pass programs, saving you money off regular cash fares.

By purchasing passes or ticket books in advance, you won't have to worry about having exact change every time you ride the bus. Now that you're on the bus, sit back and relax! The driver will announce stops over the loudspeaker, so wait until you hear yours. You may need to pull the "Stop Requested" cord above your head to let the driver know you want to get off.

Exit the bus through the rear door if the bus has two doors. Always wait for the bus to leave before you cross the street, and never walk in front of the bus. And you can call the RTD Customer Care line for light rail info, too — they're happy to help! Next, head to the station. They're easy to find thanks to their open design, art work and red and white signs on nearby streets leading to the stations. Use the ticket vending machines located at each station to pay for you trip — unlike the bus, you need a validated ticket before you get on board.

Your ticket will automatically be validated with the date and time you purchased it from the machine. An RTD bus transfer or pass will get you on the light rail free of charge, though an upgrade may be needed if your light rail fare is more than your bus fare. As the light rail approaches, check the electronic sign above the windshield to make sure this is the correct line.

Oops... No javascript