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Indeed, he spends his final hours with his friends discussing a very relevant and pressing philosophical issue, that is the immortality of the soul. In addition to food or nutrition science expertise and substantive knowledge, professionals who can teach skills in areas such as information technology, use of mass media, communications, conflict resolution, and behaviour, may be useful as contributing faculty for planning and implementing training sessions for nutrition educators. Biodegradable, certified gluten free. Training teachers of adults: Some characteristics of successful messages for bringing about health behaviour change in populations are summarised in Table 5 McAlister et al.

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Zero-Calorie Sweeteners Just As Bad As Sugar (Perhaps Even Worse) At Packing on FAT...

Collagen supports strength, elasticity and suppleness in connective tissue in the skin, joints and bones. Pearl powder, taken orally, is considered a secret to beautiful skin. Nature's Rejuvenatin source for joints, tendons, ligaments, bones, muscles, skin, hair and nails.

Replenishes body's own collagen supply. Provides essential antioxidants, corrects weak, split and damaged nail beds, increases circulation and provides elasticity, slows hair loss and thickens fine hair. For beauty inside and out, amino acids, added joint formula, maximum absorption for stronger hair and nails and is great for ligaments and tendons. Vitamin C is added to the formula, as it is an essential nutrient required for collagen synthesis by the body. Taken as a supplement, this product provides the body with the raw material needed to support the strength and integrity of essential structures.

Collagen is the major structural protein in connective tissue and the most abundant protein in the human body. It is responsible for maintaining the strength and flexibility of bones, joints, skin, tendons, ligaments, hair, nails, blood vessels and eyes, among other tissues throughout the body.

Extracted from only the dermis skin of selected cattle, the safest and richest source of collagen, not bone or trachea. Made of pharmaceutical food-grade hydrolyzed bovine-skin collagen, not whole gelatin.

Hydrolyzed into lower molecular weight for maximum absorption. Collagen Advanced Men, Youtheory, Tabs Advanced formula dietary supplement with collagen types 1, 2, and 3 and with 18 amino acids. Collagen Skin Care HerbsPro: Collagen Serum, Reviva, 1 oz. Collagen Serum with a high percentage of soluble collagen to hydrate skin, our serum not only helps increase skin's moisture level, it helps smooth out fine lines and wrinkles.

This easily absorbed serum features Collagen Concentrate that permeates deeper than cream to bind moisture and help improve the contours of facial skin. Regular usage alone or under supplementary creams such as antioxidant, elastin or peptide creams can help smooth severe as well as fine dry lines or help improve skin texture.

Cellagen Cellular Wrinkle Treatment is a scientific blend of natures rarest and most effective anti-wrinkle ingredients. Cellagen smoothes away fine lines and small wrinkles by super-moisturizing and bio-hydrating the skin to temporarily reduce these signs of aging.

Collagen Plus C Serum is a skin defense serum that rejuvenates the skin with a potent antioxidant; guarding against the sun and wind to minimize dry skin and wrinkles by delivering vitamin C deep into the skin where it boosts the natural production and maintenance of collagen. This high potency nutritional cream provides skin with essential building blocks and co-enzyme factors needed in collagen formation.

Our high levels of microdispersed vitamins and minerals feed skin through rich emollient oils that help promote collagen production. Collagen Night Cream helps nourishes and moisturizes skin to achieve healthy hydration and encourage skin firmness. High-potency collagen in complex formula for skin moisture and firmness.

Aids in promoting exceptional skin moisture and firmness. Premium soluble collagen is meticulously blended with a natural oil complex in a formula that allows for perfect penetration for moist, supple skin.

For firmness, skin needs collagen to maintain moisture, elastin for elasticity, in precise potency. A highly innovative anti-aging natural cream that helps illuminate and moisturize for firmer looking skin. Highly innovative anti-aging natural cream for normal to dry skin. Promotes skin elasticity helping prevent the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Natural living, radiant skin. Newly invigorated with age defying Palmitoyl tripeptide-5 mega collagen and elastin booster our richly nourishing, yet breathable moisturizer drenches your skin in nighttime support. Featuring healing certified organic aloe vera, avocado oil, and hyaluronic acid natures own moisture boost which all work together to help replenish and condition the skin overnight.

Elastin Collagen Skin Toner, Reviva, 4 fl. Ideal for face, throat and bust. Used after cleanser on dry skin, this unique, alcohol-free toner gently stimulates, refreshes, refines, restores acid balance and more! And now adds extra antioxidant action.

Its elastin and collagen help prepare skin for application of active creams or ampules you use afterwards. It is an ideal freshener for mature skin. Contains nature's most effective dry skin emollients. Keeps hands, face, body looking younger.

Collagen Care Gel natural wrinkle fighter is recommended for bags under the eyes, facial wrinkles, stretch marks and dry irritated skin. To improve the health and appearance of skin, this moisture-rich formula contains a combination of essential collagen and elastin proteins to help revive and moisturize dry skin all day long. Apply daily to maintain hydrated skin that looks and feels soft, smooth and radiant.

Made with natural ingredients. Not tested on animals. Formulated without parabens or phthalates. Cut into strips for more economical usage. K Used for all skin types, brown spot skin lightening night cream with a natural base for better absorption. Skin lightener for day, a natura base with its precise blend of lightening.

Collagen Night Cream, Reviva Labs, 1. N Clinically reported to support joint function and is well researched. Arthred is hydrolyzed predigested for better absorption powdered collagen bovine source to support the production of healthy joint tissue connective tissue. Connective tissue is present in varying degrees in every cell of the body. K Recover with whey protein isolate no whey concentrates or blends , rich in essential and chain amino acids. NeoCell's whey isolate is developed using selective ion-exchange technology, which results in a highly effective and bio-active performance protein for muscle development.

BCAAs and glutamine are added to increase net muscle protein synthesis and to protect against catabolic muscle breakdown resulting from intense exercise. Collagen Mineral Nutritional Supplements These merchants have many more collagen-related products available. These listed here are only a selected few.

For more products, click on one of the provided links and do a search for a specific product. Collagen Supplement Information Nutrition Basics: For removal of calluses and corns. Safe and easy to use.

Apply one drop at a time to cover each callus or corn. Repeat this procedure once or twice daily as needed for up to 14 days or until callus or corn is removed. You may soak callus or corn in warm water for 5 minutes to assist removal.

Store at room temperature. For removal of corns and calluses. You may soak callus or corn in warm water for 5 minutes. Apply 1 drop at a time to cover each callus or corn. For the removal of corns and calluses. Relieves pain by removing corns and calluses. Soft cushions relieve painful pressure and friction. Self-stick waterproof adhesive holds cushion in place. Scholls, 9 Each For removal of corns.

Relieves pain by removing corns. Removes corns within 14 days with as few as 2 treatments. The soft pad cushions corn from painful shoe pressure friction. Stays on all day. Wash affected area and dry thoroughly. If necessary, cut medicated disk to fit corn. Apply medicated disk with sticky side adhering to skin. After 48 hours, remove medicated disk. Repeat procedure every 48 hours as needed for up to 14 days until corn is removed. May soak corn in warm water for 5 minutes to assist in removal.

Scholls, 6 Each Maximum strength bandages designed to stay on all day. Removes corns fastk with as few as 2 treatments. Easy, one step application. Scholls, 2 Each Provides all-day relief of painful corns, calluses tender spots. Extra soft cotton and foam padding cushions and protects calluses, bunions and sensitive heels from painful shoe pressure and friction. Self-stick adhesive holds padding in place. Will not catch on hosiery. For a stimulating bath use Peppermint Leaves.

Let bag hang under hot running water. Simply throw herbs away after use, rinse bag, and reuse. For sachets and potpourri, add herb and spice potpourri mixes to Cotton Bags to scent linen and clothing drawers. Cucumber Mist Aromatherapy Spray, 2 oz. Merely a mist or two will invoke summertime memories, and perhaps a little bit of salivation from the intoxicating scent of fresh cucumber slices. Refreshing and evocative, this aroma spray smells like freshly cut cucumber straight out of the garden.

It is superb as a room freshener, body spritzer, as a facial mist, and it has anti-inflammatory and soothing effects on the skin. A refreshing, cooling, crisp aroma that would be perfect as a summer body splash, or used within a scrumptious handmade lotion or aroma spray. Cucumbers are well known for their soothing, healing, and anti-inflammatory effects on the skin.

This hydrosol is highly recommended, and is a wonderful natural alternative to the many synthetic cucumber fragrances available today. Steam distilled from whole fruit. Suitable for food and cosmetic use. Jar, Natural Facial Care Products A truly rich and nourishing cream designed specifically for the face; however you will find them delightfully addictive once applied to the body.

An opulent gift for the skin, these creams absorb quickly without leaving a filmy or greasy residue. The best part is that they have an unbelievably silken texture and a smooth consistency which leaves the outer epidermis feeling exhilarated. These creams are crafted by hand and are completely free of chemicals and preservatives. Bar Case of 12 HerbsPro: Cucumber Glycerin Soap, Clearly Natural, 4 oz. Bar A luxurious blend of essential oils and natural vegetable glycerine. Biodegradable, cruelty free, hypoallergenic.

Glycerine is a humectant which, through its hydroscopic action, draws moisture into the skin naturally. It cleanses without stripping or upsetting the delicate natural pH balance necessary for soft, healthy skin. Cucumber Shower Gel Trail, Shikai, 2 oz. Bottle These shower gels moisturize as they clean so your skin feels soft and smooth all day. The exclusive formulas combine natural colloidal oatmeal, rich emollients and gentle cleansers.

The oatmeal binds moisture to the skin soothing it and leaving it itch-free. Use as a body wash in a shower or even a shaving gel. Natural exfoliators jojoba seed, almond, and oat are formulated together to gently buff your skin and leave it fresh, clean, and reinvigorated.

Aloe vera and cucumber extracts also help to soothe, giving your complexion a smooth radiance you can see and feel. Gently removes dead skin cells. Stimulates skin for a rosy, fresh complexion. Help unclog pores for improved skin health. Cucumber Organic Face Cleanser, Nourish, 6 oz. Food for healthy skin. For all skin types, usda organic, fragrance free formula gently washes away impurities without drying or irritating. The sweet scent of melon meets the refreshing scent of cucumber for a delicious smelling clean.

Color safe for mom's hair and for babies and kids. Pure flower and plant extracts, organic solutions. Removes tough grease and dirt, yet very gentle on hands. All natural, gentle and soap free. Natural solutions that work. Rich in organic aloe and oatmeal to soothe dry skin. A natural plant based soap made with pure essential oils for shampoo, shower, shave. Cleanse, tone and hydrate in one refreshing step. Citrus extracts refine skin texture.

Cucumber extract soothes and hydrates. Ideal for all skin types. Ultra soft to comfortably remove makeup and mascara. Will not clog pores or leave an oily residue. Antioxidants help combat damaging free radicals. Helps soothe inflammation with hyaluronic, arnica, watermelon. Cucumber Spray Mist, Naturally Fresh, 4 oz. Soothes and moisturizes dry and chapped skin. Relieves minor skin irritations, insect bites and sunburn.

All the amazing properties of pure Aloe Vera are carefully extracted from the Aloe Vera plant and are completely intact in this convenient tube.

Cucumber is added to help keep the skin toned, fresh and soft. Also Comfrey and Allantoin to further assist the skin's healing process. This moisture-rich, quick-absorbing Aloe Vera Gel helps soothe and relieve skin irritations, minor burns, insect bites, and sunburn.

A cooling aftershave balm for men and women. Made with natural botanical ingredients. This clarifying mask gently peels away impurities while Cucumber extract leaves the skin smooth and silky.

Alcohol free, allergy tested, dairy and soy free cucumber and aloe vera revitalize and replenish moisture. Dermatologist tested for babies and kids of all ages. Keep hair hydrated, protected and detangled. Restores softness and shine for healthy looking hair. Biodegradable, certified gluten free. Eye Skin Care HerbsPro: All natural, softens and moisturizes with aloe, borage and shea butter. Nourishing lotion with certified organic virgin coconut oil is a blend of plant extracts and essential oils that help to soothe and moisturize your skin.

Let the fresh touch of Cucumber Melon revitalize and soothe your skin. All natural solutions that work. Softens and moisturizes with Aloe, Borage and Shea Butter. This original best-selling lotion contains a penetrating blend of botanical oils and extracts provide deep moisturizing benefits while enhancing the skin's ability to retain moisture.

It leaves skin soft, supple and healthy looking. A natural plant based 3 in 1 lotion made with pure essential oils for hands, face, and body. All day odor protection, no white marks, no aluminum chlorohydrate, no parabens. Extra gentle for diaper rash, cradle cap, cuts and scratches. All natural and vegan baby care containing natural and organic ingredients.

Fragrance free, pH balanced with Witch Hazel. Unique Brush and Lotion Combination Kit. Gently and Effectively Removes Crusty Scales. It contains the finest natural ingredients that will sooth and nourish the skin. May be used by infants to help relieve cradle cap a dandruff like condition that occurs on the scalp of infants or by children of all ages to help relieve dry, irritated areas of the skin and provide soothing relief from itching.

Calendula helps soothe scalps with cradle cap or irritation. Oatmeal is known to comfort dry, itchy skin. Gentle plant-based cleansers nourish sensitive skin, leaving hair soft, smooth and shiny. Sensitive on dry scalp and skin.

Allergy and dermatology tested. C Being a baby is a hard business, from diaper rash to cradle cap to tiny fingernail scratches, and then bangs and scrapes galore as they begin to explore. Clinically tested Angel Baby Bottom Balm has got her back, his bottom, mama's dry skin, papa's razor burn and gazillions of other owies that come your family's way. It also soothes itchy cradle cap, bug bites, scrapes, chicken pox, minor rashes, burns and, yes, more scrapes. Toxin-free, cruelty-free and certified vegan.

K Being a baby is a hard business, from diaper rash to cradle cap to tiny fingernail scratches, and then bangs and scrapes galore as they begin to explore.

C Baby Oils Kalyx: Baby Oil, Country Comfort, 4 fl oz: C Baby Oil helps to moisturize and cleanse delicate skin, prevent chafing, dryness, cradle cap and safely clean baby's outer ears, nose and naval.

Beta Glucan helps to hydrate skin, while Organic Chamomile and Marigold Extracts help soothe dry, irritated or inflamed skin. This mild, hypo-allergenic formula will not irritate eczema or cradle cap. Cradle Cap Baby Products Amazon: Little Remedies Cradle Cap Lotion, 4 oz.

Cradle Cap Care, Gentle Naturals, 4 oz. Hip Peas Cradle Cap Care, 5 oz. Hip Peas Cradle Cap Care offers an all-natural remedy with olive oil, jojoba oil, sunflower seed oil and vitamin E to soothe and moisturize your bundle of joy's scalp. Just apply a small amount of this soothing oil, massage and gently brush scalp with a baby brush. Our non-irritating formula adheres to flakes for easier removal, nourishing tender skin as it clears cradle cap.

Follow with a gentle shampoo to eliminate excess oil. Children's Diaper Ointment, Hylands, 2. Diaper Rash Ointment, Calmoseptine, 2. Calendula Diaper Care, Weleda, 2. Desitin Original Diaper Rash Ointment, 4 oz. K This soothing diaper ointment is rich with vitamins A and E to help nourish baby's skin, while chamomile moisturizes and soothes.

Sweet almond oil and beeswax, natural barriers, seal moisture into your baby's most sensitive skin. Featured Ingredient Sweet Almond Oil, cold pressed from the dried kernels of the almond tree, this medium-weight oil is rich in olein glyceride oleic and linoleic acid, proteins and vitamin D, and is excellent for the skin and nails. It is also an organ of elimination tied to the healthy functioning of the liver.

We absorb many chemicals, from pollution to lotions and soaps that we use daily, which must travel through the blood to be processed or excreted as waste. This blend is formulated with herbs traditionally used to help with normal purifying of the blood and healthy liver functioning.

Available in one and four ounce bottles. Hair, Skin, and Nail Support contains herbs such as Horsetail, Alfalfa and Nettles, all rich in minerals like silica that promote the healthy growth of hair, skin and nail tissue, while also providing a rich source of antioxidants.

Each capsule contains the equivalent of mg. All Good Lotions, Elemental Herbs, 6 oz. Tubes All Good Body Lotions nurture your skin for a natural, youthful, non-greasy feel. These lotions are loaded with nourishing organic botanical ingredients and are free from gluten and GMO-containing ingredients.

These vegan and biodegradable lotions will leave your skin feeling soft and smooth. Choose from Lemongrass or Coconut. Pump Bottle For normal to oily skin. This botanical face wash is refreshing, light, and deep cleans without drying your skin. Luxurious natural ingredients are combined to create a face wash that feels silky smooth and smells terrific.

Pump Bottle, For normal to dry and combination skin. This gentle, lightly aromatic face wash is formulated for dry or combination skin types, and is also perfect for mature or less supple skin. Cleanse your skin with the synergy of these luxurious natural ingredients, well known for their moisturizing properties. Formulated for oily skin, this blend gently cleanses and nourishes your skin, leaving you feeling refreshed.

An aromatic and gentle blend formulated for normal to dry or mature skin. A mild and soothing wash with an exotic and sweet aroma. Lush and luxurious, this blend of rich, rejuvenating oils is beneficial for dry or mature skin.

Nourishing and naturally hydrating, this serum absorbs quickly, and has a pleasant floral, woodsy aroma. This light and refreshing blend is beneficial for oily skin. This serum absorbs quickly and easily in the skin, while it balances, nourishes, and tones with an uplifting aroma. Mister Bottle This artisan toner is handcrafted in the Pacific Northwest. Suitable for all skin types, this uplifting and moisturizing blend is a synergy of luxurious botanicals known to cleanse and tone the skin, and has the perfect floral aroma.

Mister Bottle This refreshing and invigorating mist acts as a toner for dry or mature skin as well as older and less supple skin. The combination of oils in our mist may also be utilized by those with oily skin.

Classic Rose Facial Oil, Organic, 1 oz. Effortlessly absorbed into the skin, it can be used either alone or before your daily moisturizer or make-up routine. A truly regal and lavish way to pamper your shining face! Wild Rose Facial Oil, Organic, 1 oz.

Our Wild Rose Facial Oil contains beneficial botanical ingredients that encourage healthy skin. Restorative Skin Oil, Organic, 2 oz.

It is what the plus age group here have been using when we run into problems with dry and other lizardy or leathery skin. As Oregon gardeners, herbalists and hikers we all have some needy skin areas which this superb skin oil fixes right up!

Organic Calendula oil, organic Rosehip seed oil, Vitamin E, and a blend of pure essential oils including Neroli and Helichrysum. Two ounce bottle with treatment pump. Bottle With Oriface Reducer Adults are not the only ones who enjoy massages, babies love them too. This golden oil with a light fragrance is perfect for massaging extra moisture into baby's skin, especially right after a bath.

Helps keep sensitive skin soft without irritation. Alive with skin-loving nutrients, Argan oil is light and easily absorbed into the skin, making it a crucial ingredient in moisturizing skin and hair care products.

This oil has a pleasant nutty smell, deep green color, and absorbs well into the skin. It makes a marvelous cosmetic grade oil and because of its high nutritional value, it makes a superior quality culinary oil and one that can be used as a base ingredient for skin care recipes which require healing and regenerative ingredients.

It is bright and golden in color and is regarded as the most favored in the carrier oil family because of its advanced molecular stability. Also makes a great scalp cleanser for the hair, and is equally wonderful for the skin because it has absorption properties that are similar to our skin's own sebum. It is a priceless delight for the skin. It contains monounsaturated fatty acids, and closely resembles sebum the oil naturally produced by one's skin to help protect it.

Macadamia oil is a fabulous oil with a high absorption rate. This highly prized oil, which is naturally high in flavonoids and punicic acid, is remarkable for the skin and has numerous dietary benefits as well. Deeply nourishing to the outer epidermal layer, pomegranate seed oil provides powerful anti-oxidant benefits for numerous skin ailments, and gently challenges free radicals that damage and age the skin.

A great ally to have in your cosmetic creations or as a stand-alone product to help nourish and develop healthy skin cell regeneration. This unique oil contains essential fatty acids and has carried much respect among professional journals and organizations as being a great application for dry or mature skin.

Can be used in all fine skin care recipes. Sea Buckthorn oil Hippophae rhamnoides can be applied directly to the skin or included within skin care preparations that are designed to relieve occasional symptoms of problematic skin conditions.

This oil contains essential fatty acids, carotenes, tocopherols, and phytosterols. It is a concentrated oil, and we suggest to use sparingly. The sea buckthorn oil offered by Mountain Rose Herbs was processed by the cold press method of the entire berry with seeds. This particular oil will solidify if exposed to low temperatures, and it is best left at room temperature. Some mild staining of skin may occur; this is temporary and washes off easily.

Use caution, spread evenly and dilute. It is specifically formulated for rashes and other skin maladies. This also makes a wonderful botanical treatment for our animal companions. Choose from 2 sizes, one or two ounce tins. Perfect for those who spend time working outdoors, this small-batch salve is made right here in our kitchen using only the finest botanical ingredients.

This small-batch salve is made right here in our kitchen using only the finest, most pure ingredients. This salve is emollient and gentle, perfect for hydrating dry skin and encouraging a soft smooth appearance.

Jar Rich and nourishing, Facial Creams are designed specifically for the face, though you may find them delightfully addictive once applied to the body!

An opulent treat for the skin, these creams absorb quickly without leaving a filmy or greasy residue. The best part is that they have an unbelievably silken texture and a smooth consistency which leaves the outer epidermis feeling positively exhilarated. Choose from a 2 oz. Glass Jar Enjoy this citrus inspired sunrise in a jar! Designed to nourish dry itchy skin, a little goes a long way. With uplifting grapefruit essential oil and balancing clary sage and chamomile oils, this body butter is sure to bring a smile to your face.

Packaged in a reusable glass jar with two piece lid. Glass Jar This luscious body butter contains ginger infused oil and ginger essential oil. This warming combination is designed to nurture dry skin all year round, but is especially warming during the cold wet winter months. Ponds Dry Skin Cream, 6. Rich hydrating facial moisturizer. Massage gently over face and neck. Unique concentrated formula with clinically proven moisturizers. Alleviates extremely dry skin.

Massage into skin on face and body as often as desired. For Dry Sensitive Skin. Use daily for optimal hydration. Apply liberally as often as needed. Clinically proven to restore healthy skin at the cellular level. Fast relief for dry and itchy skin. Non greasy, non irritating formula promotes healing at the cellular level.

Apply on the body several times a day as needed. Results are often seen immediately. For long-term improvement, use regularly for at least 2 weeks. The result of over 50 years of Olay skin science, Olay body lotions go beyond moisturization to improve skins barrier over time. With continued use, skin becomes noticeably soft, smooth and more resistant to skin dryness. Use with Olay Ultra Moisture body wash to fight dryness starting in the shower.

Locks in moisture for 24 hours. Dry Skin Body Lotion, Natralia, 8. Natralia Dry Skin Lotion contains natural ingredients that provide effective relief from dry skin. Natralia Dry Skin Lotion is an intensive moisturising lotion designed to deeply nourish and hydrate the skin and protect it against further moisture loss. Ideal as an every day moisturiser, Natralia Dry Skin Lotion hydrates skin for up to 24 hours. Formulated with the latest innovations in natural emollients to be suitable for dry, sensitive, rough, itchy or flaking skin as well as skin prone to Eczema, Psoriasis and Dermatitis.

Non greasy and quick absorbing. Helps heal and protect extra dry skin for instant relief that lasts 24 hours. Keri Original combines 5 carefully selected moisturizers that deeply hydrate to promote smooth and healthy looking skin.

It provides continuous moisturization so your skin looks and feels its best all day. Dry Skin Lotion, Sunmark, 16 oz. Moisturizing skin therapy lotion for normal to dry skin. Smooth this product on hands and body every day. Particularly effective when used after showering or bathing. For exteral use only. Smoothing and repairs dry skin with a complete moisture complex, for lastin hydration.

Smooth over dry, rough skin every day, or as directed by a health care provider. For best results, apply immediately after bathing. Dry Skin Lotion, Natralia, 8. K Natralia Dry Skin Lotion is made from naturally derived ingredients including a Xerophyte Plant Extract, known for its immediate and 24 hour hydration ability. Formulated with the latest innovations in natural emollients, it is suitable for dry, sensitive, rough, itchy or flaking skin.

It is an intensive moisturizing lotion, designed to deeply nourish and hydratethe skin. Ideal as an everyday moisturizer for the entire family. K This unique moisturizing lotion is a blend of natural ingredients whose benefits to the skin have been scientifically verified. Nature's Gate combines not just one or two of these ingredients, but a complete range, to soothe and pamper even the most dry, cracked or chapped skin.

Included are ingredients to soothe, moisturize, protect and beautify - for skin that looks as good as it feels. Calendula is known for its soothing and healing properties, and for its pleasant aroma.

K Herbal Skin Therapy Colloidal Oatmeal Lotion is rich with natural, skin calming ingredients that gently moisturize and help nourish itchy, dry, sensitive skin, leaving it soft and smooth. Colloidal Oatmeal lotion offers a quick cure for nerve-racking, itchy skin and helps reverse the ravages of extreme weather. Colloidal Oatmeal for prompt temporary relief of itchy, scaling, sensitive skin is blended in a base that also includes Canola Oil, botanical extracts and seven skin conditioning moisturizers to naturally seal in moisture, forming a natural moisture saving barrier over skin for immediate and long lasting hydration.

Most skills are the same way. So you break them down into defined and organized segments. Breaking things down into segments is great. But you also have to practice those segments in the right order. So start with thing 1, then do thing 2, then thing 3, and so on. Do the right things in the right order and success is a reliable outcome. Think this process sounds slow? Fact is, if your practices are strategic, the whole process goes quicker.

Focus on that one thing—and only that thing—and a difficult process becomes easier and faster. More on each of these in a minute. Want to try out the Precision Nutrition process for building skills? You can always consult an expert later on to help you nail down the segments, sequence, and strategy. For now, just have some fun and see what you come up with.

On the other hand, the following ingredients breed success: Moving forward takes courage. In our coaching programs we provide that kind of support when you need it via coaches, mentors, and workshop leaders. We all know accountability—regularly checking in with someone—is important.

The social commitment helps us stick with what we started. But did you know accountability works best if it happens at regular, expected times? Whether through an app, in a group, or one-on-one, accountability should have a known cadence. They want a guide, a coach, someone they trust and respect. They just want the confidence of knowing someone is there if they need it. Clients also get to work with me and Dr. Krista Scott-Dixon once a month in a group format. We lead them through activities and thought exercises that help them recognize critical progress factors, problem-solve, and obstacle-proof their success.

It makes you feel inadequate. Bonus points for celebrating that progress when it happens. In our coaching programs we relentlessly look for this sort of thing. Sometimes that means standard metrics like weight loss or calories consumed. But mostly we track unconventional things that point to the real progress a client is making.

By identifying and celebrating that stuff, the physical progress will follow. Sometimes real challenges come up. Strategies are required to move past these inevitable obstacles.

Similarly, populations that have for a long time inhabited specific climates, such as arctic or tropical regions or high altitudes, tend to have developed specific phenotypes that are beneficial for conserving energy in those environments— short stature and stocky build in cold regions , tall and lanky in hot regions, and with high lung capacities at high altitudes.

Similarly, skin color varies clinally with darker skin around the equator—where the added protection from the sun's ultraviolet radiation is thought to give an evolutionary advantage—and lighter skin tones closer to the poles.

The hue of human skin and hair is determined by the presence of pigments called melanins. Human skin color can range from darkest brown to lightest peach , or even nearly white or colorless in cases of albinism.

Most researchers believe that skin darkening is an adaptation that evolved as protection against ultraviolet solar radiation, which also helps balancing folate , which is destroyed by ultraviolet radiation. Light skin pigmentation protects against depletion of vitamin D , which requires sunlight to make. Human skin also has a capacity to darken tan in response to exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Within the human species, the greatest degree of genetic variation exists between males and females.

While the nucleotide genetic variation of individuals of the same sex across global populations is no greater than 0. The genetic difference between sexes contributes to anatomical, hormonal, neural, and physiological differences between men and women, although the exact degree and nature of social and environmental influences on sexes are not completely understood.

There is a difference between body types, body organs and systems, hormonal levels, sensory systems, and muscle mass between sexes. Women generally have a higher body fat percentage than men. Women have lighter skin than men of the same population; this has been explained by a higher need for vitamin D which is synthesized by sunlight in females during pregnancy and lactation.

As there are chromosomal differences between females and males, some X and Y chromosome related conditions and disorders only affect either men or women. Other conditional differences between males and females are not related to sex chromosomes. Even after allowing for body weight and volume, the male voice is usually an octave deeper than the female voice. Women have a longer life span in almost every population around the world. They also have higher circulating clotting factors vitamin K , pro thrombin and platelets.

These differences lead to faster healing of wounds and higher peripheral pain tolerance. Additionally, they produce more antibodies at a faster rate than males. Hence they develop fewer infectious diseases and these continue for shorter periods. One proposed explanation is that human sexuality has developed more in common with its close relative the bonobo , which exhibits similar sexual dimorphism, is polygynandrous and uses recreational sex to reinforce social bonds and reduce aggression.

Humans of the same sex are There is extremely little variation between human geographical populations, and most of the variation that does occur is at the personal level within local areas, and not between populations. Two randomly chosen Koreans may be genetically as different as a Korean and an Italian. Genetic data shows that no matter how population groups are defined, two people from the same population group are about as different from each other as two people from any two different population groups.

Current genetic research has demonstrated that humans on the African continent are the most genetically diverse. The genetic structure of Africans was traced to 14 ancestral population clusters. Human genetic diversity decreases in native populations with migratory distance from Africa and this is thought to be the result of bottlenecks during human migration.

Only part of Africa's population migrated out of the continent, bringing just part of the original African genetic variety with them. African populations harbor genetic alleles that are not found in other places of the world. All the common alleles found in populations outside of Africa are found on the African continent. Geographical distribution of human variation is complex and constantly shifts through time which reflects complicated human evolutionary history.

Most human biological variation is clinally distributed and blends gradually from one area to the next. Groups of people around the world have different frequencies of polymorphic genes. Furthermore, different traits are non-concordant and each have different clinal distribution. Adaptability varies both from person to person and from population to population. The most efficient adaptive responses are found in geographical populations where the environmental stimuli are the strongest e.

Tibetans are highly adapted to high altitudes. The clinal geographic genetic variation is further complicated by the migration and mixing between human populations which has been occurring since prehistoric times.

Human variation is highly non-concordant: Skin and hair color are not correlated to height, weight, or athletic ability. Human species do not share the same patterns of variation through geography. Skin color varies with latitude and certain people are tall or have brown hair. There is a statistical correlation between particular features in a population, but different features are not expressed or inherited together. Thus, genes which code for superficial physical traits—such as skin color, hair color, or height—represent a minuscule and insignificant portion of the human genome and do not correlate with genetic affinity.

Dark-skinned populations that are found in Africa, Australia, and South Asia are not closely related to each other. Despite pygmy populations of South East Asia Andamanese having similar physical features with African pygmy populations such as short stature, dark skin, and curly hair, they are not genetically closely related to these populations. Due to practices of group endogamy , allele frequencies cluster locally around kin groups and lineages, or by national, ethnic, cultural and linguistic boundaries, giving a detailed degree of correlation between genetic clusters and population groups when considering many alleles simultaneously.

Despite this, there are no genetic boundaries around local populations that biologically mark off any discrete groups of humans. Human variation is continuous, with no clear points of demarcation. There are no large clusters of relatively homogeneous people and almost every individual has genetic alleles from several ancestral groups.

The human brain, the focal point of the central nervous system in humans, controls the peripheral nervous system. In addition to controlling "lower," involuntary, or primarily autonomic activities such as respiration and digestion , it is also the locus of "higher" order functioning such as thought , reasoning , and abstraction.

Generally regarded as more capable of these higher order activities, the human brain is believed to be more "intelligent" in general than that of any other known species. While some non-human species are capable of creating structures and using simple tools —mostly through instinct and mimicry—human technology is vastly more complex, and is constantly evolving and improving through time.

Humans are generally diurnal. The average sleep requirement is between seven and nine hours per day for an adult and nine to ten hours per day for a child; elderly people usually sleep for six to seven hours. Having less sleep than this is common among humans, even though sleep deprivation can have negative health effects.

A sustained restriction of adult sleep to four hours per day has been shown to correlate with changes in physiology and mental state, including reduced memory, fatigue, aggression, and bodily discomfort.

In dreaming humans experience sensory images and sounds, in a sequence which the dreamer usually perceives more as an apparent participant than as an observer. Dreaming is stimulated by the pons and mostly occurs during the REM phase of sleep. Humans are one of the relatively few species to have sufficient self-awareness to recognize themselves in a mirror. The human brain perceives the external world through the senses , and each individual human is influenced greatly by his or her experiences, leading to subjective views of existence and the passage of time.

Humans are variously said to possess consciousness, self-awareness , and a mind, which correspond roughly to the mental processes of thought. These are said to possess qualities such as self-awareness, sentience , sapience , and the ability to perceive the relationship between oneself and one's environment.

The extent to which the mind constructs or experiences the outer world is a matter of debate, as are the definitions and validity of many of the terms used above. The physical aspects of the mind and brain, and by extension of the nervous system, are studied in the field of neurology , the more behavioral in the field of psychology, and a sometimes loosely defined area between in the field of psychiatry, which treats mental illness and behavioral disorders.

Psychology does not necessarily refer to the brain or nervous system, and can be framed purely in terms of phenomenological or information processing theories of the mind. Increasingly, however, an understanding of brain functions is being included in psychological theory and practice, particularly in areas such as artificial intelligence , neuropsychology , and cognitive neuroscience.

The nature of thought is central to psychology and related fields. Cognitive psychology studies cognition , the mental processes' underlying behavior. It uses information processing as a framework for understanding the mind. Perception, learning, problem solving, memory, attention, language and emotion are all well researched areas as well. Cognitive psychology is associated with a school of thought known as cognitivism , whose adherents argue for an information processing model of mental function, informed by positivism and experimental psychology.

Techniques and models from cognitive psychology are widely applied and form the mainstay of psychological theories in many areas of both research and applied psychology. Largely focusing on the development of the human mind through the life span, developmental psychology seeks to understand how people come to perceive, understand, and act within the world and how these processes change as they age.

This may focus on intellectual, cognitive, neural, social, or moral development. Psychologists have developed intelligence tests and the concept of intelligence quotient in order to assess the relative intelligence of human beings and study its distribution among population.

Some philosophers divide consciousness into phenomenal consciousness, which is experience itself, and access consciousness, which is the processing of the things in experience. The concept of phenomenal consciousness, in modern history, according to some, is closely related to the concept of qualia. Social psychology links sociology with psychology in their shared study of the nature and causes of human social interaction, with an emphasis on how people think towards each other and how they relate to each other.

The behavior and mental processes, both human and non-human, can be described through animal cognition , ethology , evolutionary psychology , and comparative psychology as well. Human ecology is an academic discipline that investigates how humans and human societies interact with both their natural environment and the human social environment.

Motivation is the driving force of desire behind all deliberate actions of humans. Motivation is based on emotion—specifically, on the search for satisfaction positive emotional experiences , and the avoidance of conflict. Positive and negative is defined by the individual brain state, which may be influenced by social norms: Motivation is important because it is involved in the performance of all learned responses. Within psychology , conflict avoidance and the libido are seen to be primary motivators.

Within economics, motivation is often seen to be based on incentives ; these may be financial, moral, or coercive. Religions generally posit divine or demonic influences. Happiness, or the state of being happy, is a human emotional condition.

The definition of happiness is a common philosophical topic. Some people might define it as the best condition that a human can have—a condition of mental and physical health. Others define it as freedom from want and distress ; consciousness of the good order of things; assurance of one's place in the universe or society.

Emotion has a significant influence on, or can even be said to control, human behavior, though historically many cultures and philosophers have for various reasons discouraged allowing this influence to go unchecked.

Emotional experiences perceived as pleasant , such as love, admiration , or joy , contrast with those perceived as unpleasant , like hate , envy , or sorrow.

There is often a distinction made between refined emotions that are socially learned and survival oriented emotions, which are thought to be innate. Human exploration of emotions as separate from other neurological phenomena is worthy of note, particularly in cultures where emotion is considered separate from physiological state.

In some cultural medical theories emotion is considered so synonymous with certain forms of physical health that no difference is thought to exist. The Stoics believed excessive emotion was harmful, while some Sufi teachers felt certain extreme emotions could yield a conceptual perfection, what is often translated as ecstasy.

In modern scientific thought, certain refined emotions are considered a complex neural trait innate in a variety of domesticated and non-domesticated mammals. These were commonly developed in reaction to superior survival mechanisms and intelligent interaction with each other and the environment; as such, refined emotion is not in all cases as discrete and separate from natural neural function as was once assumed. However, when humans function in civilized tandem, it has been noted that uninhibited acting on extreme emotion can lead to social disorder and crime.

For humans, sexuality has important social functions: Sexual desire or libido , is experienced as a bodily urge, often accompanied by strong emotions such as love, ecstasy and jealousy. The significance of sexuality in the human species is reflected in a number of physical features among them hidden ovulation , the evolution of external scrotum and among great apes a relatively large penis suggesting sperm competition in humans , the absence of an os penis , permanent secondary sexual characteristics and the forming of pair bonds based on sexual attraction as a common social structure.

Contrary to other primates that often advertise estrus through visible signs, human females do not have a distinct or visible signs of ovulation, plus they experience sexual desire outside of their fertile periods. These adaptations indicate that the meaning of sexuality in humans is similar to that found in the bonobo , and that the complex human sexual behavior has a long evolutionary history.

Human choices in acting on sexuality are commonly influenced by cultural norms which vary widely. Restrictions are often determined by religious beliefs or social customs. The pioneering researcher Sigmund Freud believed that humans are born polymorphously perverse , which means that any number of objects could be a source of pleasure.

According to Freud, humans then pass through five stages of psychosexual development and can fixate on any stage because of various traumas during the process. For Alfred Kinsey , another influential sex researcher, people can fall anywhere along a continuous scale of sexual orientation , with only small minorities fully heterosexual or homosexual.

Humans are highly social beings and tend to live in large complex social groups. More than any other creature, humans are capable of using systems of communication for self-expression, the exchange of ideas, and organization , and as such have created complex social structures composed of many cooperating and competing groups.

Human groups range from the size of families to nations. Social interactions between humans have established an extremely wide variety [ clarification needed ] of values, social norms, and rituals, which together form the basis of human society.

Culture is defined here as patterns of complex symbolic behavior, i. While many species communicate , language is unique to humans, a defining feature of humanity, and a cultural universal.

Unlike the limited systems of other animals, human language is open—an infinite number of meanings can be produced by combining a limited number of symbols. Human language also has the capacity of displacement , using words to represent things and happenings that are not presently or locally occurring, but reside in the shared imagination of interlocutors. Language is central to the communication between humans, and to the sense of identity that unites nations, cultures and ethnic groups.

The invention of writing systems at least five thousand years ago allowed the preservation of language on material objects, and was a major technological advancement. The science of linguistics describes the structure and function of language and the relationship between languages. There are approximately six thousand different languages currently in use, including sign languages , and many thousands more that are extinct. The sexual division of humans into male, female, and in some societies other genders [] has been marked culturally by a corresponding division of roles, norms, practices , dress, behavior, rights, duties , privileges , status , and power.

Cultural differences by gender have often been believed to have arisen naturally out of a division of reproductive labor; the biological fact that women give birth led to their further cultural responsibility for nurturing and caring for children.

Gender roles have varied historically, and challenges to predominant gender norms have recurred in many societies. All human societies organize, recognize and classify types of social relationships based on relations between parents and children consanguinity , and relations through marriage affinity.

These kinds of relations are generally called kinship relations. In most societies kinship places mutual responsibilities and expectations of solidarity on the individuals that are so related, and those who recognize each other as kinsmen come to form networks through which other social institutions can be regulated.

Among the many functions of kinship is the ability to form descent groups , groups of people sharing a common line of descent, which can function as political units such as clans. Another function is the way in which kinship unites families through marriage, forming kinship alliances between groups of wife-takers and wife-givers.

Such alliances also often have important political and economical ramifications, and may result in the formation of political organization above the community level. Kinship relations often includes regulations for whom an individual should or shouldn't marry.

All societies have rules of incest taboo , according to which marriage between certain kinds of kin relations are prohibited—such rules vary widely between cultures.

Rules and norms for marriage and social behavior among kinsfolk is often reflected in the systems of kinship terminology in the various languages of the world. In many societies kinship relations can also be formed through forms of co-habitation, adoption, fostering, or companionship, which also tends to create relations of enduring solidarity nurture kinship.

Humans often form ethnic groups, such groups tend to be larger than kinship networks and be organized around a common identity defined variously in terms of shared ancestry and history, shared cultural norms and language, or shared biological phenotype.

Such ideologies of shared characteristics are often perpetuated in the form of powerful, compelling narratives that give legitimacy and continuity to the set of shared values. Ethnic groupings often correspond to some level of political organization such as the band , tribe , city state or nation.

Although ethnic groups appear and disappear through history, members of ethnic groups often conceptualize their groups as having histories going back into the deep past. Such ideologies give ethnicity a powerful role in defining social identity and in constructing solidarity between members of an ethno-political unit.

This unifying property of ethnicity has been closely tied to the rise of the nation state as the predominant form of political organization in the 19th and 20th centuries. Society is the system of organizations and institutions arising from interaction between humans. Within a society people can be divided into different groups according to their income, wealth, power , reputation , etc.

Recognition of the state's claim to independence by other states, enabling it to enter into international agreements, is often important to the establishment of its statehood. The "state" can also be defined in terms of domestic conditions, specifically, as conceptualized by Max Weber , "a state is a human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the 'legitimate' use of physical force within a given territory.

Government can be defined as the political means of creating and enforcing laws; typically via a bureaucratic hierarchy. Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups; this process often involves conflict as well as compromise.

Although the term is generally applied to behavior within governments, politics is also observed in all human group interactions, including corporate, academic, and religious institutions.

Many different political systems exist, as do many different ways of understanding them, and many definitions overlap. Examples of governments include monarchy, Communist state , military dictatorship , theocracy , and liberal democracy , the last of which is considered dominant today.

All of these issues have a direct relationship with economics. Trade is the voluntary exchange of goods and services, and is a form of economics. A mechanism that allows trade is called a market.

Modern traders instead generally negotiate through a medium of exchange, such as money. As a result, buying can be separated from selling, or earning.

Because of specialization and division of labor , most people concentrate on a small aspect of manufacturing or service, trading their labor for products.

Trade exists between regions because different regions have an absolute or comparative advantage in the production of some tradable commodity, or because different regions' size allows for the benefits of mass production. Economics is a social science which studies the production, distribution, trade, and consumption of goods and services. Economics focuses on measurable variables, and is broadly divided into two main branches: Aspects receiving particular attention in economics are resource allocation , production, distribution, trade, and competition.

Economic logic is increasingly applied to any problem that involves choice under scarcity or determining economic value. War is a state of organized armed conflict between states or non-state actors.

War is characterized by the use of lethal violence against others—whether between combatants or upon non-combatants —to achieve military goals through force. Lesser, often spontaneous conflicts, such as brawls, riots , revolts , and melees , are not considered to be warfare. Revolutions can be nonviolent or an organized and armed revolution which denotes a state of war. During the 20th century, it is estimated that between and million people died as a result of war.

A war between internal elements of a state is a civil war. There have been a wide variety of rapidly advancing tactics throughout the history of war, ranging from conventional war to asymmetric warfare to total war and unconventional warfare. Techniques include hand to hand combat , the use of ranged weapons , naval warfare , and, more recently, air support. Military intelligence has often played a key role in determining victory and defeat. Propaganda, which often includes information, slanted opinion and disinformation, plays a key role both in maintaining unity within a warring group and in sowing discord among opponents.

In modern warfare , soldiers and combat vehicles are used to control the land, warships the sea, and aircraft the sky. These fields have also overlapped in the forms of marines , paratroopers , aircraft carriers , and surface-to-air missiles , among others. Satellites in low Earth orbit have made outer space a factor in warfare as well through their use for detailed intelligence gathering; however, no known aggressive actions have been taken from space.

Stone tools were used by proto-humans at least 2. Since then, humans have made major advances, developing complex technology to create tools to aid their lives and allowing for other advancements in culture. Major leaps in technology include the discovery of agriculture—what is known as the Neolithic Revolution , and the invention of automated machines in the Industrial Revolution.

Archaeology attempts to tell the story of past or lost cultures in part by close examination of the artifacts they produced. Early humans left stone tools , pottery , and jewelry that are particular to various regions and times. Throughout history, humans have altered their appearance by wearing clothing [] and adornments , by trimming or shaving hair or by means of body modifications.

Body modification is the deliberate altering of the human body for any non-medical reason, such as aesthetics, sexual enhancement, a rite of passage, religious reasons, to display group membership or affiliation, to create body art , shock value, or self-expression.

Philosophy is a discipline or field of study involving the investigation, analysis, and development of ideas at a general, abstract, or fundamental level. It is the discipline searching for a general understanding of reality, reasoning and values. Major fields of philosophy include logic , metaphysics , epistemology , philosophy of mind , and axiology which includes ethics and aesthetics. Philosophy covers a very wide range of approaches, and is used to refer to a worldview , to a perspective on an issue, or to the positions argued for by a particular philosopher or school of philosophy.

Religion is generally defined as a belief system concerning the supernatural , sacred or divine , and practices, values , institutions and rituals associated with such belief. Some religions also have a moral code. The evolution and the history of the first religions have recently become areas of active scientific investigation. Some of the chief questions and issues religions are concerned with include life after death commonly involving belief in an afterlife , the origin of life , the nature of the universe religious cosmology and its ultimate fate eschatology , and what is moral or immoral.

A common source for answers to these questions are beliefs in transcendent divine beings such as deities or a singular God, although not all religions are theistic. Spirituality, belief or involvement in matters of the soul or spirit , is one of the many different approaches humans take in trying to answer fundamental questions about humankind's place in the universe, the meaning of life , and the ideal way to live one's life.

Though these topics have also been addressed by philosophy, and to some extent by science, spirituality is unique in that it focuses on mystical or supernatural concepts such as karma and God. Although the exact level of religiosity can be hard to measure, [] a majority of humans professes some variety of religious or spiritual belief, although many in some countries a majority are irreligious.

This includes humans who have no religious beliefs or do not identify with any religion. Humanism is a philosophy which seeks to include all of humanity and all issues common to humans; it is usually non-religious.

Most religions and spiritual beliefs are clearly distinct from science on both a philosophical and methodological level; the two are not generally considered mutually exclusive and a majority of humans hold a mix of both scientific and religious views. The distinction between philosophy and religion, on the other hand, is at times less clear, and the two are linked in such fields as the philosophy of religion and theology.

Humans have been producing art works at least since the days of Cro-Magnon. Art may be defined as a form of cultural expression and the usage of narratives of liberation and exploration i. This distinction may be applied to objects or performances, current or historical, and its prestige extends to those who made, found, exhibit, or own them. In the modern use of the word, art is commonly understood to be the process or result of making material works that, from concept to creation, adhere to the "creative impulse" of human beings.

Music is a natural intuitive phenomenon based on the three distinct and interrelated organization structures of rhythm, harmony, and melody. Listening to music is perhaps the most common and universal form of entertainment, while learning and understanding it are popular disciplines. Literature, the body of written—and possibly oral—works, especially creative ones, includes prose, poetry and drama, both fiction and non-fiction.

Literature includes such genres as epic , legend, myth, ballad, and folklore. Another unique aspect of human culture and thought is the development of complex methods for acquiring knowledge through observation, quantification, and verification.

All of science can be divided into three major branches, the formal sciences e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about humans as a species. For other uses, see Human disambiguation. For the concept of human races, see Race human classification. Man word and Names for the human species. Life timeline and Nature timeline. Homo and Homo sapiens. Anthropology , Human evolution , and Timeline of human evolution. Archaic human admixture with modern humans , Early human migrations , Multiregional origin of modern humans , Prehistoric autopsy , and Recent African origin of modern humans.

Neolithic Revolution and Cradle of civilization. History of the world. Human migration , Demography , and World population. Basic anatomical features of female and male humans.

These models have had body hair and male facial hair removed and head hair trimmed. The female model is wearing red nail polish on her toenails and a ring. Vitruvian Man , Leonardo da Vinci 's image is often used as an implied symbol of the essential symmetry of the human body, and by extension, of the universe as a whole. Human physical appearance , Anatomically modern human , and Sex differences in humans.

Boy and girl before puberty. Adolescent male and female.

Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993