The formulas used for calculating premium tax credits under the ACA also adjust payments to take account of premium variations in different insurance markets, household size, and the age of household members. Urey had access to a foot 6. I just want to know one thing….. More should be done to integrate decision-making and consumer support tools with the predictable needs of Americans with chronic conditions. This wonderful picture story gives me a vision of what being a mill wright entails. Syndikat, , p. It brought back memories of my first job out of High School.
Mame, , p. Bloch, Camus, Fichte, Hegel, H. Gütersloher Verlagshaus Mohn, , p. Jean-Michel Palmier , Marcuse et la nouvelle gauche Paris: Belfond, , p. Empire State College, , 12 p. Empire State study modules [WorldCat: Anshen , "Authority and Power: Erich Fromm and Herbert Marcuse," in: Journal of Social Philosophy 5, , David McLean Bethune , The politics of liberation: Cohen , Marcuse, le scénario freudo-marxien Paris: Editions universitaires, , p.
De Vitis , "Marcuse on Education: Social Critique and Social Control," in: John Fry , Marcuse, Dilemma and liberation: A Critical Analysis Stockholm: Humanities Press, , c Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn , Leftism: Reich, , 52 p.
Series Evangelische Zeitstimmen, Sidney Lipshires , Herbert Marcuse: From Marx to Freud and beyond Cambridge, Mass. Winter , pdf Heinz Paetzold , Neomarxistische Ästhetik Düsseldorf: Carlo Sigismondi , Marcuse e la società opulenta Rome: Zima , L'école de Francfort: Joanna Adams , Social criticism and education: Otto Finger , Philosophie der Revolution: Studie zur Herausbildung der marxistisch-leninistischen Theorie der Revolution als materialistisch-dialektischer Entwicklungstheorie und zur Kritik gegenrevolutionärer Ideologien der Gegenwart Berlin: Michel Haar , L'homme unidimensionnel: Hatier, , 80 p.
Stuart Hughes , The Sea Change: Muller syllabus ] Staat und Recht , Bd. Reinhart Maurer , Revolution und Kehre: Studien zum Problem gesellschaftlicher Naturbeherrschung Frankfurt: A Dialogue on Feminism: Herbert Marcuse meets Kate Millett. Linda Brown , "dialog: Off Our Backs 5: Christa Schwens , Braucht Kunstpädagogik eine Sinntheorie?: Craig Evan Wollner , Modernization and discourse: Skinner and Herbert Marcuse as studies in the social foundations of intellectual history since Ann Arbor, Mich.: Die freudo-marxistische Theorie der sozialen Revolution bei Herbert Marcuse," Persona y Derecho , 3 , pdf Coleman , Modern man and adult education: Hans Heinz Holz et al.
B ürgerliche Protestbewegungen in der Philosophie: Political Science Review , David Kettler , "Herbert Marcuse: The Critique of Bourgeois Civilization and its Transcendence," in: Anthony de Crespigny and Kenneth Minogue eds.
Methuen, , Only the rarest HM cognocenti know this long article well enough to excoriate it. Review of Social Economy New German Critique 8 Spring , pp. Wolfgang Trautmann , Gegenwart und Zukunft der Industriegesellschaft: Ein Vergleich der soziologischen Theorien Hans Freyers u.
Eric Volant , E jeu des affranchis: Confrontation Marcuse-Moltmann , préf. Fides, , p. Men of Ideas University Press of America, , p. Stefan Breuer , Die Krise der Revolutionstheorie: Syndikat, , p. Revision of author's dissertation Berlin, Freie Univ.: Davydov, Jurij Nikolaevic , Kritika sot?
Nauka, , p. Kritika sociaàlno-filosofskich vozzrenij Frankfurtskoj skoly ] John Fremstad , "Marcuse: The Dialectics of Hopelessness," in: The Western Political Quarterly Gad Horowitz , Repression: University of Toronto Press, , p. Verlag Andreas Achenbach, , 75 p. Lawrence Paul Litecky , Marcuse: Messiah and, or monster? University of Minnesota , Bl. Robert Edward Moran , Marcuse's "New man": Frederick Olafson , "Heidegger's Politics: An Interview with Herbert Marcuse," in: Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 6: Fragen an Herbert Marcuse zu Martin Heidegger," in: Befreiung Denken , Ernst Friedrich Sauer , Amerikanische Philosophen: Kersting, , p.
Volker Spülbeck , Neomarxismus und Theologie: Herder, , S. Rudi Dutschke , "Pfad-Finder: Some Creators of Contemporary Philosophy London: British Broadcasting Corporation, , pp. Myriam Miedzian Malinovich, " Herbert Marcuse in An Interview," Social Research Towards a Marcuse-Jung Synthesis," in: Multhipla, , 47 p.
L'arte e il gioco -- Sull'amore e l'erotismo -- l'Androgino e il movimento di liberazione della donna -- Sulla morte -- Herbert Marcuse: Tom Bourne , "Herbert Marcuse: Grandfather of the New Left," in: The Magazine of Higher Learning Margaret Cerullo , "Marcuse and Feminism," in: New German Critique No.
Amsterdam] cited by R. Humanities Press, ; Berlin: Argument, , p. L83 D86 in this footnote RD says that she mentions a conversation with Herbert about the "mature Marx's" concept of "labor as the creative self-activity of humanity. Horst Herion , Utopische Intention und eschatologische Perspektive: Marcuses Herausforderung an die christliche Sozialethik Frankfurt: Lang, , S.
Literatur als Utopie Lampertheim: Kübler, , p. Julka , "Herbert Marcuse's Messianic Humanism: Politics of the New Left," in: Katz, "Praxis and Poiesis: Toward an Intellectual Biography of Herbert Marcuse," in: New German Critique no. New German Critique , No. Ashis Nandy , " Herbert Marcuse: Metapsychologist, Alternatives , 5: Karl-Heinz Sahmel , Vernunft und Sinnlichkeit: Forum Academicum in d. Verlagsgruppe Athenäum, Hain, Scriptor, Hanstein, , p. Jahrbuch Arbeiterbewegung 6, , Las dos muertes de Marcuse," in: El Ciervo , Año 28, No.
Marxistische Blätter , Essen, 17 , S. Steuernagel , Political Philosophy as Therapy: Marcuse Reconsidered Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, , p. Thobaben, Reviewed Work s: Political Philosophy as Therapy: Iring Fetscher , "Phänomenologie und Historischer Materialismus: Herbert Marcuses philosophische Anfänge," in: Neue Zürcher Zeitung , Fernausgabe, Nr. März [HAB Weimar] David Held , Introduction to Critical Theory: From Horkheimer to Habermas Berkeley: University of California Press, , p.
Barry Katz , Praxis and Poiesis: The Romantic Dimension," Telos 44 Summer Luke , "Marcuse's emancipatory politics," microform, prepared for delivery at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, D.
American Political Science Association. Proceedings 76th [UCB] Herbert Schnädelbach Hamburg , " Betrachtung eines Unzeitgemässen: Morton Schoolman , The Imaginary Witness: Collier Macmillan, c , p; bibliography: Durbin in Technology and Culture Vol. Antonio in Contemporary Sociology Vol. Jean-Paul Thomas , Libération instinctuelle, libération politique: Le Sycomore, , p. Zur Kritik der 'Kritischen Theorie'.
Editorial RIN, , p. Feminismus als weibliche Negation? Cornell University Press, Vincent Geoghegan , Reason and Eros: Pluto, , p.
Jürgen Habermas , Philosophisch-politische Profile , , A Conversation with Herbert Marcuse," in: Hans-Dieter König , Libido und appetitus: Germinal-Verlag, , S.
An Interview ," in: Moran , Marcuse's "New man": Exposition and a Christian dialogue Ann Arbor, Mich.: Forum Academicum in der Verl. Herbert Marcuse Köln, Dt. A, , S. Zahn , "Herbert Marcuse: Die Utopie der Glücklichen Vernunft," in: Ben Agger , "Marcuse's Freudian Marxism," in: Studi di Sociologia , Anno 20, Fasc. John Burrill , Marcuse and Freedom Stockholm: Stockholms Universitet, Avdelningen för idéhistoria, , 27 leaves. Martin Jay , "Anamnestic Totalization: Reflections on Marcuse's Theory of Remembrance," in: Theory and Society An Intellectual Biography London: Schocken Books, , p pp.
The Journal of Politics Vol. Europäische Verlagsanstalt, Frankfurt am Main: Fischer, text excerpts Egon Viesel , Gesellschaftstheorie, Sprachanalyse und Ideologiekritik: Dialectical Anthropology Amsterdam , 8: Rudi Dutschke , Die Revolte: Wurzeln und Spuren eines Aufbruchs Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt, Spanish: José Jiménez , La estética como utopía antropológica: Bloch y Marcuse Madrid: Tecnos, , S.
A, , Bl. Pontificia, , S. Peter Prechtl , Bedürfnisstruktur und Gesellschaft: Lewis Pyenson , Neohumanism and the persistence of pure mathematics in Wilhelmian Germany Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, , p. Memoir, about math teaching Ulrich Gmünder , Aesthetik, Wunsch, Alltaeglichkeit: Fink, , S. The Phenomenological Heritage Manchester: Abstract at Telos website. Gerd Kleinstück , Das Menschenbild des ethischen Sozialismus: Issues in Radical Therapy Wolfgang Abendroth , Die Aktualität der Arbeiterbewegung: Beitrag zu ihrer Theorie und Geschichte Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, , S.
Alford , Science and the revenge of nature: University Presses of Florida, , p Contents and first pages of chapters available at Questia. The Issues Involved 1 2. Freedom and Labor in Marcuse's Early Works 21 3. The Ground of Absolute Freedom in Eros 37 4. Science and Survival 69 6. Habermas' New Science 9. Reconciliation with Nature or New Categories of Experience? Ross Fitzgerald , " Human Needs and Politics: The arti- cle also demonstrates how the notion of "need" itself coalesces "is" and "ought" and argues how a politics based on a theory of human needs has dangerous authoritarian implications and involves a denial of individual freedom.
Friesenhahn , Kritische Theorie und Pädagogik: Express, , p. Gerhard Gamm , Angesichts objektiver Verblendung: Über die Paradoxien Kritischer Theorie Tübingen: Ulrich Gmünder , Kritische Theorie: Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, Habermas Stuttgart: Metzler, , p. Daniel Innerarity , " Dialéctica de la liberación. La utopía social de Herbert Marcuse, Anuario filosófico, Dominque Janicaud , "Critique de la rationalite marcusienne," in: Diffusion, Les Belles Lettres, , p.
Jacob Klapwijk , Philosophien im Widerstreit: Erhard Koch , Eros und Gewalt: Untersuchungen zum Freiheitsbegriff bei Herbert Marcuse Würzburg: Berthold Langerbein , Roman und Revolte: Centaurus, , p. Peter Lind , Marcuse and Freedom London: Croom Helm, , p. Lukes , The Flight into Inwardness: Lee Ann Osbun , The problem of participation: Roland Roth , Rebellische Subjektivität: Campus, , p. Cincel, , S.: Axel Honneth, Albrecht Wellmer eds. Referate eines Symposiums der Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung vom Dezember in Ludwigsburg , Harvest House, , p.
Fred Alford in Contemporary Sociology Vol. Horkheimer und Marcuse," in: André Vachet , Marcuse, la révolution radicale et le nouveau socialisme: Editions de l'Université d'Ottawa, , p. Rolf Wiggershaus , Die Frankfurter Schule: Hanser, , p; Bibliography: Lang, , p.
Ben Agger , "Marcuse's Aesthetic Politics: Ideology-Critique and Socialist Ontology," in: Columbia University Press,, , pages. Kelly , "Possessing Leisure: VEblen and Marcuse Reconsidered," in: World Leisure and Recreation Thorstein Veblen presented leisure as an economic symbol of social status.
Herbert Marcuse argued that leisure is part of the one-dimensionality of alienated life defined in terms of possessions and market participation. Free and self-determinative action is reduced to choices of products and packaged experiences.
Leisure as earned time and purchasing power is one aspect of buying into the capitalist system designed to protect and reward investment capital first. Such alienated leisure is compared to concepts of leisure as action and creative freedom.
However, research into what most people actually do and the meanings they ascribe to their activity suggests that neither the commodification critique nor the creative ideal adequately explain the diversity of contemporary leisure. Neither, on the other hand, is without analytical merit. The differences are partly based on perspectives.
Each approach asks different questions. Veblen and Marcuse are probably both right… and incomplete. Another metaphor is offered to augment the themes of status symbolism and repressive commodification.
Evidence for any perspective, however, is incomplete. Marte-Bettina Partsch , Entfremdung und Revolution: Nicht für den Austausch Webel et al , Marcuse: University Press of America, c , p. Eric Wainwright , "Herbert Marcuse: Freedom and Dialectic," Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies This article is mainly concerned with the analysis and evaluation of Marcuse's conceptualisation of freedom.
Marcuse differentiates between the realm of freedom and freedom itself — which exists independently of the realm of freedom. The point is made that freedom from want is the substance of all other forms of freedom.
The article subsequently focuses on the theoretical and practical considerations of Marcuse's dialectic, followed by a consideration of the factors that limit the possibilities for the attainment of freedom. Man's movement to freedom, a new genesis for all men, is symbolised in the end of alienation. The article concludes with some points of criticism on Marcuse's use of the dialectic, his belief in the power of destruction, and his idea of conversion.
Ideological and Socio-Historical Context," in: Heinz Ludwig Arnold ed. M H47 Spanish: Bolivar Meza, Rosendo , Tendencias actuales de la izquierda en México: The index lists pp. Maslow's journals are full of critical references to Herbert, and ambivalent to Frank whom he sees as "betraying" him at the time of Herbert's departure to San Diego but Manuel remained a friend, and delivered a eulogy at Maslow's funeral.
Maslow's biography describes Herbert's leaving of Brandeis or non-renewal of contract as a political act by its president, and Manuel's departure, along with others as one of solidarity with Marcuse. But then I see that later Manuel is professor emeritus at Brandeis, Heinz Jansohn [et al. Joan Nordquist , Herbert Marcuse: A Bibliography Santa Cruz, Calif.: Reference and Research Services, , 60p. Introduction to social theory: Pippin, Andrew Feenberg, Charles Webel eds.
Critical Theory and the Promise of Utopia Basingstoke: Michael Walzer , The company of critics: Ssocial criticism and political commitment in the twentieth century New York: Basic Books, , p. Dobson , The concepts of reason and essence in the writings of Herbert Marcuse: With special emphasis on the period , Thesis Ph.
Gvozden Flego und Wolfdietrich Schmied-Kowarzik eds. Marcuse-Symposion in Dubrovnik Giessen: Germinal, , p. Arbeiterbewegung und Gesellschaftswissenschaft, , p. Reich y Marcuse Cuernavaca, Mor.: Surrealist Subversion [Chicago] 4 , ; includes correspondence by Marcuse to the Chicago Surrealist group in as appendix pages Zur Aktualität von Herbert Marcuse.
Mit Beiträgen von O. Pauline Aweto Oghominene , Man in the technological society: Verlag , [2nd, corrected edition]. Olafson, Frederick, "Irrtum oder Verrat an der Philosophie: Cites literature up to summer Publications page, Mellen, , S.
Berkeley Journal of Sociology 35 , Theorie bei Marcuse, Habermas u. Gerhard Schweppenhäuser , Emanzipationstheorie und Ideologiekritik: Benjamin, Marcuse, Habermas und die politische Theologie Düsseldorf: Patmos, , p. Bernard Görlich , Die Wette mit Freud: Drei Studien zu Herbert Marcuse Frankfurt: Nexus, , S. Ilan Gur-Ze'ev , "Art and utopia: Friedrich Schiller and Herbert Marcuse," in: Collections for Socialist Thought.
Weimarer Beiträge , Bd. Heidegger Studies 7 , Studies in Soviet Thought Ben Agger , The Discourse of Domination: Northwestern University Press, , p. André Clergue , Mon père, je m'arcuse Nîmes: Lacour, , S.: Institut für Sozialforschung ed. Revised papers from a conference held in Frankfurt am Main on the occasion of the opening of the Herbert-Marcuse-Archiv. Schmidt, Alfred, "Herbert Marcuse: Versuch einer Vergegenwärtigung seiner sozialphilosophischen und politischen Ideen.
To their surprise, this showed no evidence of enrichment. On this sample, the Balmer lines for heavy hydrogen were seven times as intense. Working with Edward W. Washburn from the Bureau of Standards, Urey subsequently discovered the reason for the anomalous sample. Brickwedde's hydrogen had been separated from water by electrolysis , resulting in depleted sample. Moreover, Francis William Aston now reported that his calculated value for the atomic weight of hydrogen was wrong, thereby invalidating Birge and Menzel's original reasoning.
The discovery of deuterium stood, however. Urey and Washburn attempted to use electrolysis to create pure heavy water. Their technique was sound, but they were beaten to it in by Lewis, who had the resources of the University of California at his disposal. They extended this to enriching compounds of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen. These could be used as tracers in biochemistry , resulting in a whole new way of examining chemical reactions. Urey contributed a science article to The Scientific Monthly on Irving Langmuir , who invented atomic hydrogen welding in by utilizing to volts of electricity and tungsten filaments, and won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in surface chemistry.
He supported Atlanticist Clarence Streit 's proposal for a federal union of the world's major democracies , and the republican cause during the Spanish Civil War. He was an early opponent of German Nazism and assisted refugee scientists, including Enrico Fermi, by helping them find work in the United States, and to adjust to life in a new country.
Thus far, separation had involved only the light elements. In and , Urey published two papers on the separation of heavier isotopes in which he proposed centrifugal separation. This assumed great importance due to speculation by Niels Bohr that uranium was fissile. A third possibility was thermal diffusion. Pegram led a diplomatic mission to England to establish co-operation on development of the atomic bomb.
The British were optimistic about gaseous diffusion,  but it was clear that both gaseous and centrifugal methods faced formidable technical obstacles. Urey became head of the wartime Substitute Alloy Materials Laboratories SAM Laboratories at Columbia, which was responsible for the heavy water and all the isotope enrichment processes except Ernest Lawrence 's electromagnetic process.
Early reports on the centrifugal method indicated that it was not as efficient as predicted. Urey suggested that a more efficient but technically more complicated countercurrent system be used instead of the previous flow-through method. By November , technical obstacles seemed formidable enough for the process to be abandoned. The gaseous diffusion process remained more encouraging, although it too had technical obstacles to overcome. As a backup, Urey championed thermal diffusion.
Worn out by the effort, Urey left the project in February , handing over his responsibilities to R. For a time, uranium was fed into the S50 liquid thermal diffusion plant , then the K gaseous, and finally the Y electromagnetic separation plant ; but soon after the war ended the thermal and electromagnetic separation plants were closed down, and separation was performed by K alone.
Along with its twin, K, constructed in , it became the principal isotope separation plant in the early post-war period. Cohen — was an American chemist that worked as a research assistant under the direction of Harold Urey. Cohen's greatest accomplishment was his work with Urey at Columbia , where he helped to perfect the enrichment techniques used in the Manhattan Project.
He was a major player in the development of the centrifuge isotope separation, which is now the most commonly used way of uranium enrichment. He became an advisor for Standard Oil and worked towards the possibility of the nuclear energy. After the war, Urey became professor of chemistry at the Institute for Nuclear Studies , and then became Ryerson professor of chemistry at the University of Chicago in However, applying the knowledge gained with hydrogen to oxygen, he realized that the fractionation between carbonate and water for oxygen and oxygen would decrease by a factor of 1.
The ratio of the isotopes could then be used to determine average temperatures, assuming that the measurement equipment was sufficiently sensitive. The team included his colleague Ralph Buchsbaum.
Examination of a million-year-old belemnite then indicated the summer and winter temperatures that it had lived through over a period of four years. For this pioneering paleoclimatic research, Urey was awarded the Arthur L. Urey actively campaigned against the May-Johnson bill because he feared that it would lead to military control of nuclear energy, but supported and fought for the McMahon bill that replaced it, and ultimately created the Atomic Energy Commission. Urey's commitment to the ideal of world government dated from before the war, but the possibility of nuclear war made it only more urgent in his mind.
He went on lecture tours against war, and became involved in Congressional debates regarding nuclear issues. In later life, Urey helped develop the field of cosmochemistry and is credited with coining the term. His work on oxygen led him to develop theories about the abundance of the chemical elements on earth, and of their abundance and evolution in the stars. Urey summarized his work in The Planets: Their Origin and Development One of his Chicago graduate students, Stanley L.
Miller , showed in the Miller—Urey experiment that, if such a mixture be exposed to electric sparks and to water, it can interact to produce amino acids , commonly considered the building blocks of life.
Urey spent a year as a visiting professor at Oxford University in England in and He was subsequently made a professor emeritus there from to In the late s and early s, space science became a topic of research in the wake of the launch of Sputnik I. Urey helped persuade NASA to make unmanned probes to the moon a priority. When Apollo 11 returned moon rock samples from the moon, Urey examined them at the Lunar Receiving Laboratory. The samples supported Urey's contention that the moon and the Earth shared a common origin.
When asked why he continued to work so hard, he joked, "Well, you know I'm not on tenure anymore. Urey enjoyed gardening, and raising cattleya , cymbidium and other orchids. In he received the National Medal of Science. Urey Prize , awarded for achievement in planetary sciences by the American Astronomical Society. Urey chair whose first holder is Jim Arnold. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Discovery of deuterium Miller—Urey experiment. Journal of Molecular Evolution. Urey was Noble Prize Winner in Chemistry".
Archived from the original on January 5, Retrieved August 7, Chemical and Engineering News. Langmuir, Recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry". Retrieved April 6, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Retrieved August 9, Urey Prize in Planetary Science". University of California, San Diego. Laureates of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Mitchell Herbert C. Ernst Rudolph A. Barry Sharpless John B. A group of Israelis and Palestinians come together in Oslo for an unsanctioned peace talks during the s in order to bring peace to the Middle East.
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